13 September, 2017

Somaliland: The 2018 Somaliland National Budget in Conjunction with Presidential Election.

Somaliland: The 2018 National Budget in conjunction with Presidential Election
Ahmed H Arwo,
Somaliland Presidential Economic Advisor

This year Somaliland national budget needs broader consideration, as it is nearly certain that new leadership will take power at the start of the year. The governing party leadership should have their input in the coming budget. The vision of Presidential candidate of the governing party should be given top priority. By any standard review and revised budget by the new leadership is a must.  This is normal as a governing party ensures continuity of its plans and injects new projects and schemes seen as essential by the new leadership. 

The idea of preparing and planning for better budgeting is within the principle of better accountability. It is cornerstone for enhanced resource management and strengthening good governance. It ought to give an amble time for discussion, consultation, and review prior to its approval in Executive and the Legislative bodies. On the other hand, nearly every item in the budget is flexible, and the government has the possibility of redirecting expenditure or making changes in both revenue and expenditure. That flexibility calls for broad involvement and practical participation of line Ministers throughout its preparation.
Budgeting as part and parcel of national planning starts with President’s vision shared with and committed by the cabinet and tunnelled down through government hierarchy. Leadership provides prioritized resource allocation and targets on social, economic and industrial activities of the nation.

The National Budget has to be developed and properly linked with National Development Plan. There ought to be coordination between all government departments in executing their duties to serve a common purpose and to realize leadership vision. Above all cooperation between MoF(Ministry of Finance) and MoP (Ministry of Planning) is a requisite for a viable and visionary plan that can be tied up with fiscal frameworks both medium and operational.

KULMIYE government led by HE President Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo, improved public confidence in government. Expectation was high. This made all our budgets highly stretched which calls out for continuous undertaking to make it achievable. It reflects more than anything else, the desire of the government to reserve no energy in serving public for better quality of life. A budget increase from a mere 45 Million US Dollars in 2010 to over $363 Million for 2017 budget is beyond normal growth.

Dedication to financial efficiency both at collection and distribution points played a momentous role in this colossal increase.

Despite extraordinary energy and commitment to enhance the know-how of our staff, yet the capacity and technical know-how is comparably low. With that in mind, collection of data and its analysis should be improved for better decision making. That is necessary to formulate fair and progressive budget across the nation.

Though a remarkable improvement is made in due course, yet we have not realised all ingredients of modern budget.
 The new KULMIYE Presidential Candidate Mr. Muse Bihi, more than once accentuated his vision regarding financial control and good governance built upon premises to engage war on corruption and mismanagement. This calls for proper, well defined budget where rules and roles are clearly defined, and responsibilities and authorites are unmistakably distinct. Mr. Bihi also underlined the need of fair and equal distribution of resources.
 Budget with that vision needs careful and in-depth analysis of all variables and factors that influence both macro and micro-economy across the nation, by sector and by district. Hefty this task is, it cannot be realised within one budget term but should be the target to realise it, sooner possible and of course within the term of Bihi’s Presidency. 
 A comprehensive and inclusive planning covering all sectors of government departments and agencies is necessary.

The following has to be considered for an input:

Economic parameters i.e. future rate of inflation, and exchange rate.
Macroeconomic statement, covering GNP and employment level.
Coordinated and shared Budget priorities
Departmental ceilings and targets.
Regional and district sub-budgets (Devolution)
Agreed organization of budget preparation (Timeline schedule)

All these necessitates inter-ministerial coordination and across board cooperation of all departments and agencies.

For better forecasting the following are necessary:

Line ministers are responsible and liable for drawing and implementing policies in their sector. In line with overall targets and priorities, they should be responsible for developing sectoral policies and budgets.
Ministries should have professional capacities to collect and analyse essential information needed for trade-offs among projects and programmes.
They should be responsible to formulate guidelines for their departments and dissecting their draft budgets.
Ministry of Finance has the leading role in budget preparation, coordination, reporting, monitoring and controlling.
MoF should have sufficient authority and power to ensure both fiscal targets and strategic prioritization among sectors.
MoF establishes guidelines for preparing Ministries’ programmes.
It reviews line ministers’ requests, scrutinizes, and adjusts against fiscal policies.
MoF facilitates decisions on major policy choices and allocation of resources, but do not make these decisions all alone.
Equally MoF has to review and screen requests, and not prepare them.

Complex interdependency of macroeconomic constraints as well as government revenue and expenditure needs technical and statistical in-depth analysis. A higher economy growth will most likely lead to increased employment and a corresponding increase in income tax revenue. Higher incomes tend to increase consumption with a resulting increase in custom duties of goo ds. A drop in the unemployment level will have the same effect as it will increase direct tax rev enue. Vice versa results will be achieved from opposite economic trend.


 Visionary input must be the guiding principle and should be physically present.
 Regional involvement will enhance democratization of national resources allocation.
 Due to lack of technical capacity in most Ministries and with good faith, MoF is obliged to extend its contribution taking an extra burden to complete budgetary processes.
 Complete practical review of budget system in each and every level is necessary in order to improve fiscal management.
 A full-fledged civil service reform to raise public sector efficiency is positive and essential contribution to good governance and accountability needed for better budgeting and efficient resource management.

Complex interdependency of macroeconomic constraints as well as government revenue and expenditure needs, technical and statistical in-depth analysis. A higher economy growth will most likely lead to increased employment and a corresponding increase in income tax revenue. Higher income tends to increase consumption with a resulting increase in custom duties of goods. A drop in the unemployment level will have the same effect as it will increase direct tax revenue. Vice versa results will be achieved from opposite economic trend.

 According to the vision of fair distribution of national resources, as Presidential candidate Mr. Bihi underscored, tax reforms are essential to enhance the principle of affordability, and fairness. A progressive system of taxation will reduce the heavy burden of indirect tax on the citizens at the lowest level of economy ladder. 

Ahmed H Arwo
Somaliland Presidential Senior Economic Advisor



30 August, 2017

Aqoonyahan Mustashar Ahmed Hassan Arwo oo ka hadlay arrimo xasaasi ah

Aqoonyahan Mustashar Axmed Carwo, La-taliyaha Madaxweynha ee Dhaqaalaha ahna kaadiriinta xisbiga Kulmiye ayaa ka waramay arrimo xasaasi ah oo la xidhiidha xisbiyada, doorashooyinka, Golaha Wakiilada iyo deganada.


21 August, 2017

Ethiopian Government Acquires Land in Sudan for Port Development

Ethiopia-to-acquire-land-Port-SudanAugust 19, 2017 - Following this week’s Ethiopian prime minster, Hailemariam Dessalegn’s visit to Sudan, the two countries have inked an agreement that would enable Ethiopia to develop a port facility at the Port Sudan through which Ethiopia plans to handle half of its foreign trade volume. 
According to Dessalegn Ambaw, Ethiopian Transport state minister, the idea of securing land has to do with constructing a port facility that would handle Ethiopia’s foreign trade mostly imports of goods. Port Sudan is the latest in the list of alternative port outlets that the Ethiopian government is looking to use in the region. Dessalegn declined to name the country opting it is too early to make it official, but he mentioned of another neighboring country currently in talks with Ethiopia for a possible deal to sell its port services to Ethiopia. The state minister also declined to verify the size of the land Ethiopia has secured in Sudan.
However, it is clearly known that Ethiopia has recently secured a stake at the Port of Berbera in Somaliland. It is to be recalled that the Dubai based, DP World, has secured a landmark lease agreement at Berbera lasting for 30 years. DP is set to invest USD 442 million to renovate the port assuming major managerial and control operations of the port. The government of Somaliland upholds a 35 percent control of the port management. This deal, though not officially affirmed, brings Ethiopia into play where the country is presumed to have secured access in the Red Sea port where some 19 percent of the port will be dedicated to Ethiopia’s cargo.
Furthermore, the government of Djibouti has been investing on a massive scale to construct additional port facilities which primarily targets Ethiopia’s imports. Apart from the long-serving Port of Djibouti, four additional ports are being constructed and up on completion all will be targeting the Ethiopian market. The expanding Ethiopian economy remains unquenched when it comes to port outlets and the government has been busy looking for more alternatives looking as far as Mombasa in Kenya.
Back in 2015, while drafting the national logistics strategy, Mekonnen Abera, director general of the Ethiopian Maritime Affairs Authority (EMFA), indicated that developing ports in other countries for the landlocked Ethiopia is one of the potentials to explore to ease its logistic congestion which is stifling Ethiopia’s foreign trade sector for years. Despite the fact that Ethiopia relies on the Port of Djibouti to handle some 95 percent of its foreign trade turnover, Mekonnen had noted that Somaliland and the Sudan could serve as good alternative outlets to the country. Mekonnen said that Berbera and Port Sudan are providing limited port use services to Ethiopia recently. There are trials shipments via Port Sudan where bulk of chemical fertilizers are among the commodities shipped through Port of Sudan.
Source:- Reporter


30 July, 2017

Lataliyaha Madaxwaynaha Somaliland ee Arimaha Dhaqaalaha

Waa hadal kooban oon ka jeediyey xik-wareejintii Wasiir Cali Xaamud Jibriil iyo Wasiir Axmed Xaaji Daahir, Wasiirka Xidhiidhka Golayaasha, Tiknolojiyada iyo Cilmi Baadhista....Xisbinimo qoto dheer, Kulmiyenimo dhab ah iyo arrimo xiiso badan oo Kulmiye nagu dhex martay.


19 July, 2017

Taariikhada Gabiley Barnaamuj Gaar Ah Oo Ku Sahabsan Taariikhdii Gabiley...


'So this is Africa. Don't give lectures about our elections,' Angola tells EU

'So this is Africa. Don't give lectures about our elections,' Angola tells EU

2017-07-18 12:20

Luanda - Angola has rejected conditions demanded by an EU election observer mission that had been preparing to witness next month's polls in the country, state media reported on Monday.
The European team had called for unfettered access to polling stations across the vast southern African nation during the August 23 vote.
"So this is Africa. And we do not expect anyone to impose on us their means of observing elections or to give lectures," said Foreign Minister Georges Chicoti according to the Journal de Angola newspaper.
"The invitation stands. But we do not want to have separate agreements with all of the organisations (sending observers)."
Chicoti added that the only organisations with which Angola has election observation deals were the African Union and the southern African bloc SADC.
"These are the only institutions for which Angola must abide by the electoral processes laid down in law," he said.
The foreign ministry warned that safety could be an issue if the EU observers were allowed unhindered access to polling stations in all 18 of Angola's provinces.
"The European Union has not yet decided whether it will send an observer mission or not," said the EU mission's spokesman Pablo Mazarrasa.
President Eduardo Jose Dos Santos who has ruled Angola since 1979 will not contest next month's general election, marking a historic change in the oil-rich country.
In February, the ruling MPLA named Jose Lourenco, currently defence minister, as Dos Santos' successor and he is most likely to succeed him after the August election.
Although Angola is one of the largest producers of oil in sub-Saharan Africa, it remains one of the poorest countries on the continent.


Gerson: The unfolding nightmare in Somalia

BAIDOA, Somalia - This town was liberated from the control of al-Shabab (an Islamist insurgent group) five years ago. But "liberated" is a relative term. The security bubble created by the presence of United Nations and Ethiopian military forces reaches less than 10 miles outside of town, leaving just a short hike to terroristland. Women I met in line at a clinic had come from al-Shabab-occupied territory that morning. The insurgency forbids medical treatment from the government, so women must sneak in and out of town for prenatal care. If they are caught with their blue medical record cards, al-Shabab imposes fines or worse.

In sophisticated propaganda videos, the Islamist insurgency claims to having a working, parallel government, with schools and medical facilities. When I mentioned this to Somalis, they laughed. Al-Shabab is best at taxing movement and businesses, conducting targeted assassinations, and importing al-Qaeda bomb experts. Last year, a double bombing in Baidoa killed more than 30 people. In 2015, three fighters wearing Somali army uniforms breached the Baidoa green zone and killed several people across from the compound where I was writing this column.

Most of the men you encounter in the street are armed, and travel outside of town requires a small platoon of guards. The periodic gunshots you hear are disconcerting, but usually indicate weddings and other celebrations. "It means someone is happy," I was told.

The relative stability of the town attracts IDPs (Internally Displaced Persons) fleeing from famine-like conditions caused by three years of inadequate rains, further complicated by conflict. More than 700,000 Somalis - well over half of them children - have left their homes due to the drought. At one IDP camp, I spoke with a woman who had all her food and money confiscated at al-Shabab checkpoints. I spoke with a woman who started her trek with six children and ended with four - the other two taken by cholera, which can kill within hours.

Somalia generally gets bad press, focused on starvation, terrorism or piracy. But it's not a country comprised mainly of hungry, Islamist pirates. It is a country in the midst of re-founding itself. It recently elected a promising new president, Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo, who has Somali/American dual citizenship and once worked for the Department of Transportation in Buffalo, New York. But Farmajo is now under considerable pressure to produce tangible social and military results.

The Trump administration is correct to insist that, in cases such as this, hard power is foundational. There is no sustained development in a state of nature, the war of all against all. So American drones fly over Somalia and America helps train the Somali military. There are rumors that Farmajo may soon undertake a military offensive as a show of strength.

A three-vehicle crash including a cement mixer, a dump truck and a car near the corner of U.S. 17 and S.R. 540 caused traffic flow on U.S. 17 to be cut down to one lane in each direction. Two people were transported to the hospital.
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But any rational account of American interests must also include the well-being of the Somali people. More than 3 million Somalis - about one-fourth of the population - are in critical need of help. Poverty and despair do not cause terrorism, but they can contribute to the failure of states, which provides the chaos in which terrorism thrives. Somalia is exhibit A. And conditions are about to get worse. If the drought continues, hundreds of thousands more Somalis will flood places like Baidoa and tens of thousands of children will be at imminent risk of death from starvation.

The time-compressed disasters - events like earthquakes and hurricanes - tend to result in concentrated generosity. But a slowly unfolding nightmare is no less frightening. Across South Sudan, northern Nigeria, Yemen and Somalia, we are hearing, not urgent shouts, but gradually fading voices. This is one horrifying aspect of meeting severely malnourished children in Baidoa's hot, crowded, reeking hospital ward. Some are too weak even to cry, and their quiet bleat may be the saddest sound I have ever heard.

There is little question that the already generous response of the United States and other donors will need to be stepped up even further. But those who find that statement ideologically objectionable - those who believe that our government shouldn't respond in this fashion - can still show their generosity to private and religious groups doing frontline work in the region. (A place to start is the Hunger Relief Fund sponsored by PepsiCo, Google, Twitter and others at globalemergencyresponse.org. One of the groups, World Vision, in this consortium sponsored my visit.)

It is difficult to describe the scale of Somali suffering - a quarter of the population wrestling with hunger and despair. These people require more than a flash of empathy. They need empathy and action as sustained and implacable as the drought itself.

Michael Gerson (michaelgerson@washpost.com) is a columnist for The Washington Post.

16 July, 2017

Ahmed Hassan Arwo sent you a video: "Nin xun waxa soo saara nin wanaagsan oo codkiisa la aammusay"

Ahmed Hassan Arwo has shared a video with you on YouTube
Nin xun waxa soo saara nin wanaagsan oo codkiisa la aammusay

Ninka Maraykan waalay ee Trump, waxa la xaqiijiyey inuu guusha Ku helay inta diidan een codeyn. Waa qaar maanta murugo iyo ciil dhexda farta ka qaniinay oon ladin.

Ruux lala baryaayo inuu doorto cidda hogaamin doonta ee ay taladoodu u dhiibanayaan, ma heli karo waxa u rabo. Waxa la sheegay in qurbojoogu ugu badan yahay dadka ugu hor qaatay. Qurbajoog waxuu yaqaanaa qiimaha ay leedahay doorasho. Waxuu waliba abaabulaa wacyogelinta muwaadinka, iyagaa hormood ka ah dadka isku xilsaaray inay si muwadacnimo ah arrinta xisbiyada iyo doorashada uga hawlgalaan Maal, talo iyo tacabba.

Haddaba muwaadin u toos waajibka dalku Kugu leeyahay. Haddaad kaadhka qaadan weydo ma heleysid fursad aad wax Ku yeelato talada dalka. Mana ka caban kartid ruux aadan dooran, ma heli kartid fursad aad filirkaaga u gudbiso. Waxaad noqon ajnabi dalkiisa jooga. Kolka kii codeeyey taladiisu dalka ka talin doonto.
Ogow kaadhkani Waa mid loo isticmaali doono ...
©2017 YouTube, LLC 901 Cherry Ave, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

29 June, 2017



Waxaan tacsi u dirayaa, xaaska, ubadka, ehelka, asxaabta iyo qaraabada, gaar ahaa xaaskiisa iyo ubadkiisa Hargeysa degan, xaaskiisii hore iyo ubadkiisa degan Cardiff iyo reer Feero Askar marxuum Maxamed Ismaaciil Askar( Mohamed Feero) oo caawa xaqqi ugu yimid Hargeysa.

Marxuum Maxamed waxuu ahaa aqoonyahan India wax ku soo bartay, macalinnimana kaga shaqeeyey dalka U.K. Waxuu ahaa nin dad jecel, bulsho xidhiidhiye, meel uu joogaba lagu jeclaa, nin waxtar mooye aan cidna dhibin, cidina ka caban. Nin af gaaban oo khaliga Alle ka nabad galay. Nin aan agtiisa lagu qaloon, kaftan hufan iyo sheeko aan turxaan lahayn lagu yaqaanay.
Waxuu ka mid ahaa Jaaliyadda Cardiff, U.K beryahana waxuu soo degey Hargeysa oo uu reer cusub ka yagleeyey.

Waxuu ka mid ahaa ragga ii tirsan kolka aan u baahdo hiil iyo taageero, iina ahaa taageer i dhiirigeliya, balanna naga dhexeeyey himiladayada mustaqbalka.

Waxaan marxuumka Alle uga baryayaa inuu qabriga u nuuro u waasiciyo ugana dhigo beer ka mid ah kuwa fardawsta sare, ehel, asxaab iyo qaraabana inuu waafajiyo samir iyo duco

Mustashar Axmed Carwo

La-taliyaha Madaxweynha ee Dhaqaalaha


00252 63424 2077

27 June, 2017



Dharaartaan waxyeeladii dhaqdhaqnay, sow ma soo dhicin

26kii Juun 1960, waa dharaartii aynu gobanimada helnay, waa ayaantii aynu noqonay dal xor ah oo ka mid ah dalalka adduun weynaha, waa maalintii ay ina aqoonsadeen dalal ka badan 30. Waa ayaantii abwaan iyo hoobal tooni aanu wax la hadhin. Waa dharaartii Alle ha u naxariistee Cabdillahi Suldaan Timacadde iyo Cabdi Iidaan tiriyeen gabayada taariikhiga ah een doogoobin. 26kii Juun 1960, waxay ahayd maalin in badan la saadaalinaayey. Waxay ahayd maalin rag iyo dumar, ciroole iyo caruur loo ciyaaray, loo soo jeeday, loo xaragooday.

Maanta 26ka Juun 2017, waa xuskii 57naad ee maalintii xorriyadda, maalintii gumeysigu ka huleelay dalkeen ka dib qarni uu talo xumo iyo wax qabad la'aan inagu maamulay, inagu kala qaybiyey oo uu nidaam qabiilaysan oon ka bxi lanay inoo dhigay. Waa ayaan xus iyo qaiimeyn mudan, ayaan weyn oo taariikh dahab ah leh, ayaan faan faan iyo farxadi umadeyna mideysay yar iyo weyn rag iyo dumar
Waxa inaga dhigay Soomaliland een Soomalida kala kaga duwannay waa maalintan inteena ku abtirsata Somaliland isukeyn keyntay, inoo yeeshay dhul xadidan, dawladnimo iyo dhaqan dhaqaale inoo gaar ah. Iyadaa inaga dhigtay ummad taariikh gooni ah iyo dabecado u gaar ah leh. Iyadaa inaga dhigaty inaynu ku dhaadano magaca Soomaliland. Iyadaa u sal ah oo dhashay halgamadii ina soo maray ee ay ka midka ahaayeen halgankii Daraawiishta, kacdoonkii Farah Oomaar iyo halgankii xisbiyada SNC, NUF iyo USP, iyo kii ugu dambeeyey ee SNM. Ahaana kii ugu khasaaraha badnaa dad iyo duunaba. Guusha halgamadaasi waxay ku soo biyo shubteen dhismaha jamhuuriyaddii labaad kolkaynu dib ula soo noqonay qaranimadeenii.

Maanta oo kale waxay ahayd maalintii ugu horeysay ee calan Soomaaliyeed oo xor ah la taagay. Farxadiisuna ayna ku eekeyn Soomaliland bal se dhammaan Waxay ahayd maalin wiil iyo gabadhii dhalatay lagu tilmaamay cawo dhalad. Waxay ahayd maalin xisbiyada qaran, mucaarad iyo muxaafid ay gacmaha is qabsadeen. Maalin hadal macaan iyo weji furan leysku salaamay. Maalin miskiinka taakulintiisa la kala boobay. Maalin Soomaali madax kor u qaaday. Maalin kii shalay ku gumeysanaayey uu magan kuu noqday.

Haddaba waxa dadka qaar isku qaldaan maalintan qaayaha leh ee la odhan karo waa tan ugu mudan ummadda Soomaaliyeed, iyo dhibaatadii, burburkii iyo dilkii ka dambeeyey ee dhaliyey inay burburto hilowgii iyo himiladii weyneed ee midnimada shanta Soomaaliyeed. Halgamayaashii ay horseedka u ahaayeen xisbiyadii NUF, USP iyo SNL, waxay ahaayeen qaar niyad wanaagii ay u hayeen midnimada Soomaaliyeed si shuruud la,aan ah oo weliba qayb xuma ah ula mataanooba Konfurta. Lagama helin dhankooda xaqsoor wacan iyo maamul rumeyn kara hadafkii weynaa ee israaca. Waxay noqdeen laba shuraakoobay oon si cadaalad ah dheefta ay wadajirka ku heleen u sinayn. Waa cadaalad darada lagala kulmay Koonfur tan ay ka dhalatay taariikhda madow ee israaca inaga soo gaadhay ee ma aha mid loo nisbayn karo 26ka Juun iyo maalinta gobannimada Somaliland.

Waxba kaga noqonmaayo dhibtii, dilkii, dulmigii inaga soo gaadhay is-raaca, waayo weynu ka bogsanay oo manta waxaynu nahay dal xor ah oo midaysan, nabad ah oo dimuquraadi ah.

Aan ku laabto astaamaha maalintan.26ka Juun waa maalin rajo wanaag iyo saadaal suuban la kowsatay ee waa in la mariyaa maamuuska ay leedahay oon hoos loo dhigin. Waa inay noqotaa mid qalin dahab ah lagu qoro, lana soo ban dhigo qiimaha xoriyaddu leedahay. Tani wax xidhiidha lama laha dhibaatooyinkii ka dhashay is-raaca oy sababteedu ahayd arrin inagaga timid meel aan la filayn.Yaan leysku xidhin gumeysi erigii iyo khasaarihii lagala kulmay israaca.

Waa in la xusaa ragii u soo halgamay xoriyadda abwaano, siyaasiin, odayaal iyo culumaba. Sidoo kale waa in la xusaa xisbiyadii jiray iyo giraanta taariikhda oo lagu xidhiidhiyo halgankii SNM, iyo dhammaan halgamadii ka horeeyey ee sida dastuurku sheegay ka bilaabmaayo kii Daraawiishta, iyadoo la maamuusaayo ciddii ku dhimmatay,ku-dhawacantay, kuwa ku agoonoobay iyo inta nool oo la qadariyo. Waa in ubadka loo qoraa taariikhda. Ogow cidda aan aqoon waxay shallayto ahayd ma garan karto waxay noqon berito.

Waxaan la iloobayn kaalinta ay ka qaateen abwaanada Timacadde, Cabdi Iidaan, Barkhad Cas, Cabdillahi Qarshe, Guduudo, Cali Sugule iyo dhammaan Walaalo Hargeysa. Sidoo kale siyaasiinta iyo odayada ay ka midka ahaayeen Suldan Cabdillahi, Suldaan Cabdirahmaan, Garad Ali , Goodaad, Cigaal, Axmed Xasan, Michael Mariono iyo dhammaan intii halganka dheer u soo martay xoriyadda dalkeena hooyo.



Aan xusno oon siino qiimaha ay leedahay.

Axmed Xasan Carwo

La-taliyaha Madaxweynaha
Dhaqaalaha, Ganacsiga iyo Maalgashiga


24 June, 2017



أتقدم لكم بأطيب التهاني وأجمل البركات بمناسبة حلول عيد الفطر المبارك
أعاده الله علينا وعليكم و على الأمة الإسلامية بالخير والبركات
سائلاً المولى عز وجل أن يتقبل صيامنا وقيامنا.




Eid Mubarik and many happy returns of the day.
Do not miss the Eid prayer and make your families, relatives and friends happy. Provide charity to the poor and deprived neighbours, visit the sick, and remember the dead of your relatives and friends.

May Allah accept our fasting, our prayers and our charity during Ramadan and after. May Allah bless us, our families, friends, neighbours and all Muslims worldwide with joy, prosperity and peace of mind.

May Allah free all oppressed, cure all sick, enrich all poor. May Allah guide us to his path and make us those whom he shields from all evil. May Allah make us those he frees from hell in the honour of Eid Al-Fitr Al-mubarak.Ameen.


Ahmed Hassan Arwo
Somaliland Presidential Economic Advisor



19 June, 2017

1. The First Caliph, Abu Bakr(R.A.)

"If I were to take a friend other than my Lord, I would take Abu Bakr as a friend." (Hadith)

Election to the Caliphate

The Prophet's closest Companion, Abu Bakr, was not present when the Holy Prophet (peace be on him) breathed his last in the apartment of his beloved wife of later years, Aisha, Abu Bakr's daughter. When he came to know of the Prophet's passing, Abu Bakr hurried to the house of sorrow.

"How blessed was your life and how beatific is your death," he whispered as he kissed the cheek of his beloved friend and master who now was no more.

When Abu Bakr came out of the Prophet's apartment and broke the news, disbelief and dismay gripped the community of Muslims in Medina. Muhammad (peace be on him) had been the leader, the guide and the bearer of Divine revelation through whom they had been brought from idolatry and barbarism into the way of God. How could he die? Even Umar, one of the bravest and strongest of the Prophet's Companions, lost his composure and drew his sword and threatened to kill anyone who said that the Prophet was dead. Abu Bakr gently pushed him aside, ascended the steps of the lectern in the mosque and addressed the people, saying,

"O people, verily whoever worshipped Muhammad, behold! Muhammad is indeed dead. But whoever worships God, behold! God is alive and will never die."

And then he concluded with a verse from the Qur'an:
"And Muhammad is but a Messenger. Many Messengers have gone before him; if then he dies or is killed, will you turn back upon your heels?"3:144
On hearing these words, the people were consoled. Despondency gave place to confidence and tranquility. This critical moment had passed. But the Muslim community was now faced with an extremely serious problem: that of choosing a leader. After some discussion among the Companions of the Prophet who had assembled in order to select a leader, it became apparent that no one was better suited for this responsibility than Abu Bakr. A portion of the speech the First Caliph gave after his election has already been quoted in the introduction.

Abu Bakr's Life

Abu Bakr ('The Owner of Camels') was not his real name. He acquired this name later in life because of his great interest in raising camels. His real name was Abdul Ka'aba ('Slave of Ka'aba'), which Muhammad (peace be on him) later changed to Abdullah ('Slave of God'). The Prophet also gave him the title of 'Siddiq' - 'The Testifier to the Truth.'

Abu Bakr was a fairly wealthy merchant, and before he embraced Islam, was a respected citizen of Mecca. He was three years younger than Muhammad (peace be on him) and some natural affinity drew them together from earliest child hood. He remained the closest Companion of the Prophet all through the Prophet's life. When Muhammad first invited his closest friends and relatives to Islam, Abu Bakr was among the earliest to accept it. He also persuaded Uthman and Bilal to accept Islam. In the early days of the Prophet's mission, when the handful of Muslims were subjected to relentless persecution and torture, Abu Bakr bore his full share of hardship. Finally when God's permission came to emigrate from Mecca, he was the one chosen by the Prophet to accompany him on the dangerous journey to Medina. In the numerous battles which took place during the life of the Prophet, Abu Bakr was always by his side. Once, he brought all his belongings to the Prophet, who was raising money for the defense of Medina. The Prophet asked "Abu Bakr, what did you leave for your family?" The reply came: "God and His Prophet."

Even before Islam, Abu Bakr was known to be a man of upright character and amiable and compassionate nature. All through his life he was sensitive to human suffering and kind to the poor and helpless. Even though he was wealthy, he lived very simply and spent his money for charity, for freeing slaves and for the cause of Islam. He often spent part of the night in supplication and prayer. He shared with his family a cheerful and affectionate home life.

Abu-Bakr's Caliphate

Such, then, was the man upon whom the burden of leadership fell at the most sensitive period in the history of the Muslims.

As the news of the Prophet's death spread, a number of tribes rebelled and refused to pay Zakat (poor-due), saying that this was due only to the Prophet (peace be on him). At the same time a number of impostors claimed that the prophethood had passed to them after Muhammad and they raised the standard of revolt. To add to all this, two powerful empires, the Eastern Roman and the Persian, also threatened the new-born Islamic state at Medina.

Under these circumstances, many Companions of the Prophet, including Umar, advised Abu Bakr to make concessions to the Zakat evaders, at least for a time. The new Caliph disagreed. He insisted that the Divine Law cannot be divided, that there is no distinction between the obligations of Zakat and Salat (prayer), and that any compromise with the injunctions of God would eventually erode the foundations of Islam. Umar and others were quick to realize their error of judgment. The revolting tribes attacked Medina but the Muslims were prepared. Abu Bakr himself led the charge, forcing them to retreat. He then made a relentless war on the false claimants to prophethood, most of whom submitted and again professed lslam.

The threat from the Roman Empire had actually arisen earlier, during the Prophet's lifetime. The Prophet had organized an army under the command of Usama, the son of a freed slave. The army had not gone far when the Prophet had fallen ill so they stopped. After the death of the Prophet the question was raised whether the army should be sent again or should remain for the defence of Medina. Again Abu Bakr showed a firm determination. He said, "I shall send Usama's army on its way as ordered by the Prophet, even if I am left alone."

The final instructions he gave to Usama prescribed a code of conduct in war which remains unsurpassed to this day. Part of his instructions to the Muslim army were:

"Do not be deserters, nor be guilty of disobedience. Do not kill an old man, a woman or a child. Do not injure date palms and do not cut down fruit trees. Do not slaughter any sheep or cows or camels except for food. You will encounter persons who spend their lives in monasteries. Leave them alone and do not molest them."

Khalid bin Waleed had been chosen by the Prophet (peace be on him) on several occasions to lead Muslim armies. A man of supreme courage and a born leader, his military genius came to full flower during the Caliphate of Abu Bakr. Throughout Abu Bakr's reign Khalid led his troops from one victory to another against the attacking Romans.

Another contribution of Abu Bakr to the cause of Islam was the collection and compilation of the verses of the Qur'an.

Abu Bakr died on 21 Jamadi-al Akhir, 13 A.H. (23 August 634 A.C.), at the age of sixty-three, and was buried by the side of the Holy Prophet (peace be on him). His caliphate had been of a mere twenty-seven months duration. In this brief span, however, Abu Bakr had managed, by the Grace of God, to strengthen and consolidate his community and the state, and to secure the Muslims against the perils which had threatened their existence.

Ahmed Hassan Arwo

16 June, 2017

1438 Ramadan and Rahma 2017-21.. by Ahmed Arwo

Laylatul-Qadr is in the last ten nights of Ramadan

"When the (last) ten started, the Prophet (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) would tighten his izaar (i.e. he stayed away from his wives in order to have more time for worship), spend the whole night awake (in prayer), and wake up his family." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]As we are in the last ten days of Ramadan which includes the Night of Power (Laylatul Qadr), we have to reflect on their virtue and spiritual assets. There are many fictions and fabrications in relation to this night specifically and to the last ten days of Ramadan in general. There are stories about surprise encounters of saints and prophets in disguise, mostly as beggars in the most detesting and disgusting shape and clothing. There are others who celebrate the greatness of this night in worldly festive mood with music and dance, similar to the Christmas, and even distribute surprise gifts to children and poor families, in a manner near to that of Father Christmas.

I do not want to indulge myself into innovations and misinterpretation of this glorious night, lest I may distract those of weak hearts from this special night full of Allah's mercy and forgiveness. May Allah make us those who endorse this night in prayer and dikr, as prescribed by Allah and his Messenger. Let us commit ourselves to commemorate this ten nights in accordance to the conduct of the Prophet and his companions.

The following article by one of the greatest scholars of Islam, Sheikh Muhammad Nasir-ud-Deen al-Albani (may Allah reward him about his unreserved efforts in spreading the correct principles and practices of Islam), will guide us to the proper way of honouring last ten days of Ramadan, specially how to seek Laylatul-Qadr . The article is posted in its authenticity and entirety, without any change in shape and form from http://www.islamtoday.com/.

How to Seek Laylatul-QadrShaykh Muhammad Nasir-ud-Deen al-AlbaniAdapted from "The Night Prayers: Qiyam & Tarawih from works by Muhammad Nasir ud-Deen al-Albani (and other scholars)" Compiled by Muhammad al-Jibali.

Laylat ul-Qadr is the most blessed night. A person who misses it has indeed missed a great amount of good. If a believing person is zealous to obey his Lord and increase the good deeds in his record, he should strive to encounter this night and to pass it in worship and obedience. If this is facilitated for him, all of his previous sins will be forgiven.
Praying Qiyaam
It is recommended to make a long Qiyaam prayer during the nights on which Laylat ul-Qadr could fall. This is indicated in many hadeeths, such as the following:
Abu Tharr (radhiallahu `anhu) relates:

"We fasted with Allah's Messenger (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) in Ramadaan. He did not lead us (in qiyaam) at all until there were seven (nights of Ramadaan) left. Then he stood with us (that night - in prayer) until one third of the night had passed. He did not pray with us on the sixth. On the fifth night, he prayed with us until half of the night had passed. So we said, 'Allah's Messenger! Wouldn't you pray with us the whole night?' He replied:
'Whoever stands in prayer with the imaam until he (the imaam) concludes the prayer, it is recorded for him that he prayed the whole night.'…" [Recorded by Ibn Abi Shaybah, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmithi (who authenticated it), an-Nasa'i, Ibn Majah, at-Tahawi (in Sharhu Ma`an il-Athar, Ibn Nasr, al-Faryabi, and al-Bayhaqi. Their isnad is authentic.]

[Point of benefit: Abu Dawud mentioned: "I heard Ahmad being asked, 'Do you like for a man to pray with the people or by himself during Ramadan?' He replied, 'Pray with the people' I also heard him say, 'I would prefer for one to pray (qiyaam) with the imaam and to pray witr with him as well, for the Prophet (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) said: "When a man prays with the imaam until he concludes, it is recorded that he prayed the rest of that night." [Masaa'il]]
Abu Hurayrah (radhiallahu `anhu) narrated that the Messenger (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) said:
"Whoever stands (in qiyaam) in Laylat ul-Qadr [and it is facilitated for him] out of faith and expectation (of Allah's reward), will have all of his previous sins forgiven." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim; the addition "and it is facilitated for him" is recorded by Ahmad from the report of `Ubaadah Bin as-Samit; it means that he is permitted to be among the sincere worshippers during that blessed night.]
Making Supplications
It is also recommended to make extensive supplication on this night. `A'ishah (radhiallahu `anha) reported that she asked Allah's Messenger (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam), "O Messenger of Allah! If I knew which night is Laylat ul-Qadr, what should I say during it?" And he instructed her to say:
"Allahumma innaka `afuwwun tuh.ibbul `afwa fa`fu `annee - O Allah! You are forgiving, and you love forgiveness. So forgive me." [Recorded by Ahmad, Ibn Majah, and at-Tirmithi. Verified to be authentic by Al-Albani]

Abandoning Worldly Pleasures for the Sake of Worship
It is further recommended to spend more time in worship during the nights on which Laylat ul-Qadr is likely to be. This calls for abandoning many worldly pleasures in order to secure the time and thoughts solely for worshipping Allah. `A'ishah (radhiallahu `anha) reported:
And she said:
"Allah's Messenger (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) used to exert more (in worship) on the last ten than on other nights." [Muslim]

Ahmed Arwo