22 October, 2014

MUWAADIIN MA OGTAHAY SABABTA UGU WEYN EE DIB U DHACA KU KEENTAY DOORASHOOYINKA WAKIILADA 10ka SANO



MUWAADIIN MA OGTAHAY SABABTA UGU WEYN EE DIB U DHACA KU KEENTAY DOORASHOOYINKA WAKIILADA 10ka SANO.

Axmed Xasan Carwo


IIN MA OGTAHAY SABABTA UGU WEYN EE DIB U DHACA KU KEENTAY DOORASHOOYINKA WAKIILADA EE XADDI DHAAFTAY

Waxa la yaab ah inaan marna laga hadal sababata ugu culus ee 10ka sano hortaagnayd doorashada Golaha Wakiilada kana dhigtay in 10 sano ay ku fadhiyaan halkay 5ta sano ahayd.
Waxa doorashadii koowaad lagu saleeyey cadaalad darro ayna codka muwaadinku u sinayn oo  laga maarmi waayey waxa se la raaciyey in nidaamkani ahaado mid ku meel gaadh ah oo qaladkaas loo badheedhay la saxo.

Waana halka ay ka timid fikirka tirakoobku, si loo ogaado tirade cod-bixiyaasha oo lagu sar jaro saami qaybsiga xildhibaanada. Taas macnaheedu waa in dib loogu noqdo tirade xildhibaanada ee gobalada kuna salaysan tirade codbixiyaasha kolka la diiwaangeliyo. Waa mid ilaalinaysa mabda’ah asalka ah ee dimuquraadiyada oo ah sinaanta codbixiyaasha. Waa qodob ayna cidini ka gudbi Karin oo ku qoran qodobada lama taabtaanka ah ee dal dimuquraadi ihi ku dhisan yahay.

Weli ma maqashay cid taabanaysa oo duraysa qodabkan aasaasiga ah. Maxa ugu wacan ee loo dul marayaa, maxa se aamusiiyey muwaadinka dulman. Kow, arrintani uma baahan in la siyaasadeeyo oo xisbiyadu waxay ka baqayaan inay arrintan xasaasiga ah midkood taabta kuwa kalian kaga baxaan. Waa mid u baahan in seddexda xisbi iyo dadweynahu dhammaan isla gartaan inay tahay mid dani ugu jirto dhammaan ummadeena.

Waa mid daaweyn doonta wada lahaanta goballada la wado dego ee tirada dadku ku badantay.  Waayo waxay heli doontaa tirada ay xaq u leedahay iyada oo bulshadu dhammaan wado leedahay ooy u tahay deegaan reer Soomaliland u siman yihiin. Waxa dhismaaya walaadnimada iyo adajirka bulshada iyadoo qof waliba ogaanaayo in codkiisu yahay mid la siman xubin kasta oo  codka bixisay.

Arrintan oo ahayd sababta keliya ee loo baajiyey doorashada ayaa ah haddana mid aan ilaa imika laga gun gaadhin. Waxa loo baahan yahay in xeerka doorashooyinka Wakiilada lagu daro qodob si cad u sheegaaya in saami qaybsiga xubnaha wakiilada lagu sar jari doono tirade codbixiyaasha ee gobal kasta, haddaan la suurtagelin Karin degmo kasta. Iyadoo la fulinaaya shuruudda sinaanta muwaadinka iyo xuquuqdiisa ee dastuurku ka dhigay lama tabtaan.

Arrintan oo faahfahsan waxaan ku soo qaadi doonaa maqaalo kale iyo aliba inaan dood ka galo, kuna baraarujiyo bulshada inayna muxaafid iyo mucaaridba u istaagno sinnaanta xuquuqda muwaadinka si aynu u helno bulsho isu calool fayow, is jecel wadajirta oo difaacda dastuurka iyo waxay heshiiska ku yihiin.

La jeclow walaalka waxad naftaada la jeceshay. Sinnanta codka muwaadinku waa u asal doorasho xaq ah oo dimuquraadi ah. Codka muwaadinka jooga Ceelaayo iyo kan jooga Ceel-la helay ha sinaadaan, ka jooga Berbera iyo Badhani ha sinaadaan, ka Hargeysa iyo kan Hadaaftimo ha sinnaadaan, ka Laascaanood jooga iyo kan Lawyacaddo joogaa ha sinnaadaan, ka jooga Boorame iyo kan jooga Buraan.

Ahmed Hassan Arwo

Chair, Somaliland Democracy Shield
samotalis@gmail.com
https://www.facebook.com/aharwo

http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

09 October, 2014

7 Things World Leaders Should Learn From Sheikh Zayed

7 Things World Leaders Should Learn From Sheikh Zayed

sheikhzayed
Thanks to the integrity and vision of Sheikh Zayed and his successors, in short of half a century, the UAE has taken the world by storm.
“If only [country] were like this,” is a phrase we hear a lot in the UAE. We think a few of the world’s “leaders” could learn a few things from this great man.


1. Vision


sheikhzayedvision
Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, also known as the “Father of the Nation”, ruled Abu Dhabi from 1966 to 2004 and was the first President of the United Arab Emirates. Sheikh Zayed took his love and respect for traditional values, the environment and transformation and applied it to the nation. He personally funded the first modern school. He had a vision for the UAE, uniting it as one and pushing international limits in all industries.


2. Put your country first


sheikhzayedcountryfirst
No one can deny that the UAE is where it is today because Sheikh Zayed put the UAE’s best interests first. Unlike many corrupt leaders, Sheikh Zayed’s initiatives were always for the nation. HRH (High Royal Highness) took a Bedouin desert land and transformed it into one of the biggest hubs of the world. Where there was no water, they put water. Where there was sand and beach, they created man-made islands. The impossible was made possible to put the UAE on the map.


3. Love and respect your people


sheikhzayedpeople
The UAE takes care of its own. Whether it’s housing, education or a laptop, the government makes sure its citizens are in good hands. Have you ever noticed the lack of Emirati residents around the world? They go home, that’s why. There’s almost zero brain drain in the UAE. There is so much love and respect towards citizens that expat residents feel the love, too. They even spread love and joy through initiatives like #MyDubai and #HappyDubai. When your country takes care of you, you take care of the country.


4. Foreign Relations


sheikhzayedforeingrelations
The world doesn’t mess with the UAE. They’ve managed to place themselves in a powerful position that is both respected, a little intimidating and yet liked. Sheikh Zayed made sure that the UAE stands up for its beliefs in the global forum, while maintaining positive diplomatic ties.


5. Tolerance


sheikhzayedtolerance
It’s not uncommon to find a woman in a short skirt and tank top walking next to another in a abaya and veil. Most often than not, they keep to themselves and don’t judge each other. To each his own. Sheikh Zayed and his successors have welcomed expats from around the world who have made the UAE their home. As long as they’re respecting the culture, everyone’s tolerant of the other.


6. Respect for Rules


sheikhzayedrespect
Every country has rules and everyone country has those who break them. What’s strange though, is that people are terrified to break the rules in the UAE. They don’t mess around: You’re either put in jail or deported. The best part is, people don’t want to be sent home (or go to jail), so they behave.


7. Humility


4002008153
The Emirati royal family is ballin’. We all know that. Between islands and cruiseline yachts, they’re rolling in riches – but you would never feel it. Their humility is contagious. Sheikh Zayed was known for his humble generosity, as are his successors.
Sheikh Mohamed Bin Rashid Maktoum of Dubai has been seen eating a casual lunch in DIFC, inviting those around him.
sheikhSheikh Mohammed bin Zayed, the crown prince of Abu Dhabi was spotted sitting next to a little girl on the curb who was lost until her father came to pick her up. He had offered to drive her home but she said she wasn’t allowed to talk to strangers, so he parked down right beside her on the curb and waited with her.


Sheikh Zayed is honored all over the UAE and there’s no doubt as to why. He was a phenomenal leader, may he rest in peace.
The world’s leaders should take note!


Read more: 7 Things World Leaders Should Learn From Sheikh Zayed http://scoopempire.com/7-things-world-leaders-learn-sheikh-zayed/#ixzz3FdSAoDJU
Follow us: @ScoopEmpire on Twitter | ScoopEmpire on Facebook



http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

08 October, 2014

Afghan executions: Five hanged for Paghman gang-rape


Afghan executions: Five hanged for Paghman gang-rape

An Afghan woman holds a placard reading in Darri "Be executed" during a protest against a high-profile gang rape case that shocked the capital Kabul, in Herat, Afghanistan, 08 September 2014The rapes, which happened near Kabul in August, caused outrage

Related Stories

Five Afghan men convicted of gang-raping four women have been executed in a case that sparked national outrage.
Officials say the men were hanged at Pul-e-Charkhi prison east of Kabul. A sixth man convicted of unrelated crimes was also hanged.
The authorities ignored last-minute appeals for clemency from rights groups who said the convictions were unsafe.
Violence against women in Afghanistan is rife but correspondents say cases rarely attract this much attention.
Many Afghans had demanded the death penalty. Correspondents say that given public opinion, there was little chance of the sentences not being carried out.
Afghan police officers take positions before the execution of six men sentenced to death at a jail in Kabul, Afghanistan, Wednesday, Oct. 8, 2014.There was tight security outside Kabul's main prison
"The court's verdict has been implemented and all the convicts have been executed - five from the Paghman case, plus Habib Istalifi, who was head of a notorious kidnapping gang," the attorney general's chief-of-staff Atta Mohammad Noori told AFP news agency.
Former President Hamid Karzai signed the death warrants on his last day in office. There was no word from new President Ashraf Ghani, who took over in September.
The 23 August rapes took place at night at a popular picnic spot in Paghman district near Kabul as the women were returning to the capital with their families from a wedding.
The attackers - armed and some dressed in police uniforms - tied up the men in the group and dragged the women from their cars before raping them.
There was a chorus of outrage. Many campaigners in Afghanistan - where women who are raped sometimes find themselves accused of adultery and punished - even wanted the executions to go ahead, correspondents say.
One of four female victims of a gang-rape attends a court hearing in Kabul, Afghanistan, 07 September 2014.One of the women who was raped is seen here giving evidence in court
But critics say the legal process was rushed - the televised trial took only two hours. One defendant said he had been tortured into confessing.
The UN's High Commissioner for Human Rights expressed "grave concerns" that hanging the men would not deliver justice to them or their victims. International human rights groups also criticised Mr Karzai for calling for the men to be hanged even before they were tried.
Amnesty International called the hangings an "affront to justice".
The five were originally sentenced to death for armed robbery along with two other men. The other two, who were not convicted of rape, later had their death sentences commuted to life in prison.
In a separate case, police said they had been pursuing Habib Istalifi, the sixth man to be hanged for crimes unconnected to the gang rape, for the past 10 years.
"He was head of a major crime gang involved in several cases of kidnapping and armed robbery," Hashmat Stanekzai, a Kabul police spokesman, told the BBC. "He was involved in several murders of vehicle drivers."
Capital punishment is relatively rare in Afghanistan.
Since the Taliban were ousted in 2001, hundreds of people have been sentenced to death but Mr Karzai signed warrants for the execution of just 30, BBC correspondents say.

http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

Tackling taboo of education corruption


Tackling taboo of education corruption


Money bag
"There was always a lot of resistance about talking about this problem. They didn't want to associate this word with education."
The word causing such discomfort is "corruption".
Muriel Poisson is a senior researcher for the International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP), based in Paris, France, which this week launched an international initiative to try to prevent corruption within education.
The IIEP, a research institute that is part of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Unesco), has created a global online database and information centre for tackling the misappropriation of education funding.
It's been claimed as the world's first such online hub specialising in preventing corruption in schools and universities.
"It hasn't been solved, but least we're talking about it," says Ms Poisson. "It's more and more on the agenda."
'Leakages'
It's not difficult to see why corruption in education systems, particularly in the context of developing countries, has been an uncomfortable topic.
Mural in schoolThe drive to improve schools is put at risk by corruption, say researchers
If donors are being asked for money to improve education in poorer countries, it's difficult if funding is failing to reach its intended target.
The information being gathered by the IIEP researchers talks of "leakages" between the money and material being put in to the system and what arrives in the classroom.
A search through the anti-corruption database - called Etico - shows that in some sub-Saharan African countries in previous years there could be leakages of 80% in supplying textbooks.
"Talking about corruption means you're pointing the finger," says Ms Poisson.
This might mean accusing high-level officials. But it can also raise some more complex questions about who is to blame for low-level corruption in schools in impoverished countries.
The problem of "ghost teachers", where payments are taken for non-existent teaching posts, or where teachers are absent, can account for 15% to 20% of the budget for teaching staff in some countries, says the IIEP.
Transparency
But teachers can be missing from school because they haven't been paid their salaries for months - and they have to take up jobs in other schools or in other workplaces. Who should be blamed?
African classroomFunds are badly needed to improve classrooms in developing countries
And teachers who are paid low wages might have become accustomed to topping up their pay with unofficial fees for a place in school.
There are many factors that hold back education in developing countries, says Ms Poisson. "But corruption can be a key factor - and it's often the poorest who are the first to be affected."
The idea behind the online database is to build a digital reference point for any research into the topic and to provide examples of projects with ideas for tackling corruption.
Among the cases highlighted is a transparency scheme in Rajasthan in India, where details of what should be allocated to the school and the attendance of teachers is painted on to the side of the building, so that everyone can scrutinise the finances.
In Brazil there have been councils of local people created to supervise spending on school meals and to prevent fraud.
Lack of information
As well as a reluctance to address corruption in education, there has also been a scarcity of reliable data on the scale of the problem, says Ms Poisson. She says that "millions of dollars have been sucked out of the system", but there is no confident estimate of how many millions.
Going to school in New DelhiWalking to school in New Delhi: The Unesco project will create a research hub
"It's been very scattered. It's very difficult for people to get clear information," she says.
The online portal is intended to gather such information, offer case studies of successful anti-corruption tactics and build an archive for researchers and policymakers.
But it's a problem with many dimensions. It can be major fraud, such as the dishonest awarding of lucrative contracts or procurements in building work, learning materials, staffing or school supplies.
It can mean inflating costs in a way that uses education funding to line pockets rather than furnish young minds.
Or else it can be more localised, such as bribes for a university place or buying a fake degree.
In either case, it's deeply corrosive to the fairness and reliability of an education system. And it's an obstacle for any attempt to raise standards.
Concerns about fraud in education have been highlighted by Transparency International, the Berlin-based anti-corruption campaign group.
A report said one in six students around the world had been asked for a bribe in the course of their studies.
"It's very difficult to say whether it's getting worse or better," says Ms Poisson.
"But the fight against corruptions should be at the top of the agenda."

http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

Kenyatta appears at ICC in Hague for landmark hearing

Kenyatta appears at ICC in Hague for landmark hearing

A large crowd was waiting for Uhuru Kenyatta outside the court, as Anna Holligan reports

Related Stories

Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta has appeared before the International Criminal Court (ICC) where he faces charges of crimes against humanity.
He is the first serving head of state to come before the court in The Hague.
He was called to appear at the ICC "status conference" when the prosecution said evidence needed to go ahead with a trial was being withheld.
The charges - which Mr Kenyatta denies - concern his alleged role in violence following the 2007 elections.
More than 1,000 people died in the aftermath of the poll.
Mr Kenyatta says the charges against him are politically motivated and insists that the case should be thrown out.
The prosecution accuses the Kenyan government of obstructing the investigation.
Packed gallery
The BBC's Anna Holligan in The Hague says there were chaotic scenes as Mr Kenyatta arrived at the ICC, where a large crowd was waiting.
The ICC wants him to explain allegations that evidence against him had been withheld by the Kenyan government - a claim rejected by Kenyan Attorney-General Githu Muigai, who appeared before the court on Tuesday.
Grey line
At the scene: Anna Holligan, BBC News, The Hague
Uhuru Kenyatta talks to lawyers at ICC. 8 Oct 2014Uhuru Kenyatta appeared relaxed as the hearing got under way
Uhuru Kenyatta cuts a composed figure in court. He sits back, occasionally glancing at his "first family"' on the front row of the public gallery. He is wearing a patriotic bracelet in the Kenyan colours. Never has there been a more glamorous audience in attendance. Pink and yellow headscarves and gold earrings punctuate the mostly grey suited public space, bringing some colour to the dark period of Kenyan history that is the subject of this hearing.
The president temporarily relinquished power to come to The Hague. Nevertheless, his convoy received a presidential welcome. Flag-waving crowds surged as his police-escorted car pulled up. International TV crews jostled to get him in their frame.
This trial is testing the limits of international justice. The prosecution says Kenya is not co-operating by handing over evidence. Kenya says that if they do not have the evidence, the charges must be thrown out. The ICC was partly designed to demonstrate that even the most powerful leaders cannot be above the law. Regardless of whether Uhuru Kenyatta is guilty or innocent, one thing he has proved is that it is extremely challenging to prosecute a president.
Grey line
Scores of Mr Kenyatta's supporters packed the public gallery as the hearing got under way.
Defence lawyer Steven Kay said Mr Kenyatta would not be making a statement. He said the government had co-operated with the prosecution requests where it was possible to do so.
The hearing was later adjourned.
The prosecution has accused the Kenyan government of failing to hand over potentially crucial pieces of evidence, as Anna Holligan reports
ICC chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda, who is from The Gambia, said there was still a significant "body of evidence" against Mr Kenyatta.
The prosecution, which wants an indefinite adjournment, told the court it had phone data and nine witnesses who were willing to testify how Mr Kenyatta had funding links with the Mungiki sect which took part in the violence.
Fergal Gaynor, a lawyer for the victims, said they were entitled to know why witnesses for the prosecution had withdrawn from the case.
In September, the court postponed the trial after prosecutors said the Kenyan government had failed to deliver key documents.
Personal capacity
Deputy President William Ruto is acting president while Mr Kenyatta is at The Hague.
Supporters of President Kenyatta outside the court. 8 Oct 2014Supporters of President Kenyatta called on the ICC to drop the case
On Monday, the president again stressed his innocence, saying his conscience was clear.
In a speech to the Kenyan parliament, Mr Kenyatta said that he was going to The Hague in a personal capacity - not as president of the country - so as not to compromise the sovereignty of Kenyans.
No special arrangements have been made at the ICC. The main spokesperson for the court said that Mr Kenyatta would not be treated differently from any other accused person.
Earlier, former ICC chief prosecutor Luis Moreno Ocampo conceded that the trial "was not working well" but welcomed Mr Kenyatta's appearance as "showing African commitment to change".
Mr Kenyatta was elected in 2013, despite facing charges. Analysts said he turned the prosecution to his advantage, portraying it as foreign intervention in Kenya's domestic affairs.
Mr Kenyatta has accused the court of being biased against African leaders.
In 2009 the ICC also issued a warrant for Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir over alleged war crimes in Darfur, but he has not yet been arrested.
Members of the Luo tribe in Kenya in post-election violence in 2008The violence after the 2007 poll left 1,200 people dead and displaced tens of thousands more
Presiding judge Kuniko Ozaki from Japan. 8 Oct 2014Presiding Judge Kuniko Ozaki from Japan opened Wednesday's hearing at the IC
William Ruto waves to the public after being handed over the presidential powers by President Uhuru Kenyatta on Monday (6 October 2014)William Ruto (waving) has been appointed acting president - he also faces charges at The Hague
Mr Kenyatta faces five charges relating to the ethnic massacres - the worst violence in Kenya since independence in 1963. Tens of thousands of people were displaced and Kenya's reputation for stability was tarnished.
Mr Kenyatta was a close ally of President Mwai Kibaki, who was declared the winner of the 2007 election. Mr Kibaki's rival, Raila Odinga, claimed the poll was marred by fraud.
The dispute took on an ethnic dimension, pitting members of the Kikuyu ethnic group of Mr Kenyatta and Mr Kibaki against other communities. Mr Kenyatta is accused of organising an ethnic Kikuyu gang, the Mungiki sect, to attack rival groups.
Deputy President Ruto also faces charges at The Hague, but he was on Mr Odinga's side during the violence. He also denies the charges.

http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

What is democracy? A third of Russians don’t know

What is democracy? A third of Russians don’t know 
October 8, 2014 Darya Lyubinskaya, special to RBTH Results of a recent poll indicate a discontinuity between views on the meaning of democracy and what constitutes democratic leadership.

Source: Russia Beyond the Headlines - http://rbth.com/politics/2014/10/08/what_is_democracy_a_third_of_russians_dont_know_40427.html)


Election billboards in the city of Vladimir, 2011. Source: ITAR-TASS A recent poll conducted by the Public Opinion Foundation (FOM) provided new insight into how Russians feel about democracy – and what they think it is. According to the survey, the majority of Russians believe that democracy is important, but a third of respondents were unable to explain what democracy is. Forty-three percent of those surveyed said that democracy was democratic rights and freedoms, such as transparency and freedom of the press and freedom of speech. This number is down significantly from previous surveys. In a poll conducted by the All-Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VTsIOM) in 2007, 55 percent said that democracy was freedom of speech, the press, and religion. In 2010, the number had already fallen to 44 percent. Click to view the infographics Sociologist Olga Kryshtanovskaya attributes the lack of awareness to flaws in the Russian educational system. “In fact, the definition of democracy is very simple. It is approved by UNESCO and includes eight points, among which are fair elections, freedom of speech, and control over government activities,” Kryshtanovskaya said. “It is essential that every child clearly understand what democracy is when he or she graduates from school. Then it will be possible to say whether we have it or not.” Freedom or chaos? Although the poll respondents were mostly unable to define democracy, a third of them said that Russia today has as much democracy as it needs. According to Kryshtanovskaya, this is because the general assumption among Russians is that democracy is synonymous with freedom. “If there is a lot of freedom, this is democracy, and if there is not much freedom, there is no democracy,” she said. “This is why one of the most dramatic periods in Russia’s recent history, the Yeltsin era, is called the most democratic.” She added, “Freedom morphed into chaos. This alienated many from democracy. People saw the weak government and decided that that is the sort of mess they don’t need.” Winds of change leave Russia’s opposition out in the cold According to Irina Osipova, an analyst with FOM, the majority of Russians understand democracy as related to a set of values rather than as public participation in government. Osipova, however, does not agree that defining democracy this way means that Russians don’t know what democracy is. “I don’t think this shows a lack of understanding of the subject matter,” Osipova said. “It is easier for respondents to express the opinion that manifestations of democracy are more important than the school definition.” Nevertheless, she did agree that a lack of education could explain the responses. “Social studies and sociology have been taught in schools only recently,” Osipova said. Until 1992, civics was taught in Russian schools, but the subject matter was examined through the prism of Marxist-Leninist philosophy. In 1992, this subject was removed from the school curriculum. In 2000, a new subject, social studies, was included in the federal curriculum, beginning in middle school. Russia’s most democratic leader? The respondents’ definitions of democracy seem at odds with the response to another question in the FOM poll, which asked what period in Russia’s history was the most democratic. More than a third of respondents – 37 percent – didn’t answer the question, but 27 percent said the current period; another 12 percent named President Vladimir Putin’s first two terms (2000-2008). Poll respondents also selected Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev as Russia’s most democratic leader. Although many may consider the Yeltsin years as a period of freedom, those polled did not associate them primarily with democracy. What is the link between economics and Putin’s popularity? According to Kryshtanovskaya, this dichotomy can be explained by the prevailing negative view of the Yeltsin years. “People understand democracy to be something good, something that we should strive for,” Kryshtanovskaya said. Valery Soloviev, a professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), said that in naming Russia’s most democratic politicians, respondents are confusing “democratic” with “popular.” "Certainly, Putin is the most popular leader in post-Soviet history. But even at the most positive attitude towards Putin it is impossible to tell that he is the democratic politician." Kryshtanovskaya, who is close to many high-ranking Russian politicians and a member of the ruling United Russia party from 2009 to 2012, says that in her opinion, the influence of civil society in government has increased in recent years. Today, she said, “people want to know what the state is doing, to control it literally every minute.” Irina Osipova, on the contrary, says that it is impossible to speak about any growth or decrease in civil activity. "There are no dynamics; it was quite low, and it remains so,” Osipova said. This view is backed by an August survey by the analytical Levada Center, which revealed that only 3 percent of Russians were interested in actively taking part in the political process and that 76 percent were not interested in participating at all. Read more: Does Khodorkovsky want to return to politics?
Source: Russia Beyond the Headlines - http://rbth.com/politics/2014/10/08/what_is_democracy_a_third_of_russians_dont_know_40427.html)
http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

Ethiopia – Doing it the Japanese way

Ethiopia – Doing it the Japanese way

The Japanese workplace philosophy of Kaizen is sweeping all before it in factories and workshops in Ethiopia. The philosophy, developed by Japan after World War II to make the most of meagre resources through efficiency, seems to be a perfect fit for Ethiopia’s industrial needs. James Jeffrey made the rounds of businesses in Addis Ababa to find out how the idea works and with what results.
Inside a dimly lit shed, a projector displayed a PowerPoint presentation onto a hastily rigged sheet of wood. Although the text was in Amharic, the main language of Ethiopia, the ideas behind the bullet points are summed up by one Japanese word: Kaizen. A small group of Ethiopian furniture makers sat and listened intently to the instructor from the Ethiopian Kaizen Institute (EKI), while in the back row a woman scribbled into a notepad.
Kaizen is a Japanese management philosophy that allows companies to continuously improve their productivity and product quality with available resources and without depending on new investment – and it is taking root in Ethiopian business culture.
The Addis Ababa-based EKI was established through a partnership between the Ethiopian government and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), a Japanese governmental agency focused on development through technical cooperation.
JICA has already introduced Kaizen to other African countries although its Japanese staff think Ethiopia can become a Kaizen hub due to its business situation being such a good fit for Kaizen ideas and methodologies. Ethiopian end users seem to be reacting positively to this Japanese business ethic that can trace its lineage back to the birth of Zen Buddhism.
“The workers are involved and can see the changes,” said Dawit Birasa, manager of plans and programmes at Peacock Shoe Factory, an Ethiopian company based in an Addis Ababa industrial zone and which last year embraced Kaizen. “It’s understandable and not complicated, which is a big advantage.”
Between 15th January 2013 and 22nd May 2013, a team of Kaizen consultants from EKI visited the factory 17 times to instruct workers and management on Kaizen and how it can be used to identify bottlenecks in manufacturing processes, develop action plans, provide solutions and evaluate results to instigate further improvements. By the end of May, production of quality men’s and ladies shoes had increased from 500 pairs every eight hours to 800 pairs, many of which are exported across much of Europe.
JICA’s Kaizen programme started in November 2011 and will run until October 2014. In addition to production improvements, reductions to costs and elimination of waste have amounted to savings totalling tens of thousands of dollars for companies involved in JICA’s programme.
Less tangible benefits include attitudes changed for the better, more mutually beneficial relationships between workers and managers, and improved team work and motivation levels starting at the lowest level of workers and continuing upward through a company’s hierarchies. Kaizen emphasises a bottom-up approach.
By the end of its programme, JICA aims to have trained 65 EKI consultants working with 65 large and medium enterprises, and 190 Kaizen train-the-trainers working with 190 micro and small enterprises.
Even if those figures are not met, the establishment of the EKI means that numbers trained by the institute in the future will far exceed JICA’s contribution. Those at JICA wouldn’t have it any other way. “By starting their own training initiatives there will be many more beneficiaries,” said Yuko Ikeda, JICA’s project formulation advisor for private sector development. JICA specialises in capacity building and enabling organisations achieve self-sufficiency – hence JICA programmes always have an end date.
The PowerPoint presentation to the workers at Mesker Metal & Wood PLC was only the third visit to the company by an EKI team. The ramshackle layout inside the compound indicated there was much potential for the sort of business streamlining promulgated by Kaizen. Before the presentation started, the two workers I spoke to didn’t yet seem to understand much about Kaizen, although one of them said he hoped to see workspace improvements.
“The main problem is in the workshop where materials are not accessible and it’s hard to get the right measurements,” said Selamu Bereka, clad in dusty blue overalls. “When we finish, the [cupboards] are not as good as they could be.”

http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

08 September, 2014

TALOOYINKA AXMED CAWRO EE KULMIYE

 TALOOYINKA AXMED CAWRO EE KULMIYE

Waxaan jecleystay inaan dib u eego taloyiin  aan u gudbiyey Shirweyni Kulmiye ee 2007. waa xusuus mudnaanteeda leh, iyadoo aynu ku jirno dhammaadkii muddadii talada dalka leynoo doortay oo dhowaan la geli doono abaabul doorasho . Waxaan dib u eegey qodobadii aan soo jeediyey xiligaas oo Kulmiye isu ababulaayey Shirweyne. In badan oo muhiim ah ayey Alle mahadi ha ka gaadee laga qabtay, waxna wey dhiman yihiin waana sunaha nolosha oo cidina ma fuliso qorshaheeda boqolkiiba boqol, waa se inaynu isku deynaa.  Waa dardaaran iyo talooyin dhammeys ah una baahan is xusuusin walow badiba la taabogaliyey, oo aniga ii ah guul gaar ah. Waxaan isku dayi doonaa inaan is dul taago talooyin hore leh iyo xiligeeda. 

Waxa baahi weyn loo qabaa waa dardar gelinta xubnaha xisbiga iyo qiimeynta inta xisbinimadu ka dhab tahay.    


KULMIYE ALLE KA SAKOW ISAGAA GUUSHA ISU HAYA

AHMED ARWO
September 04, 2007

Saaxadda siyaasadda ee Soomaliland, waxa cad in aqlibiyadda shacbigu sugayaan hoggaanka dalka oo lagu wareejiyo Kulmiye, haddii aanu Kulmiye iska daadin. 

Maanta xisbigu waa mid qaran oo matalaaya gobal kasta oo Soomaaaliland ah, waana in laabta lagu hayaa dhismaha qaran loo dhan yahay, gobal waliba iska dhex arko maamulkiisa, la xoojiyaa awoodaha gobolada. Kulmiye waa inuu la yimaadaa barnaamaj u qalma hiilka dadweynaha. Waxaa u bilow ah inay barnaamajka xisbigu ku salaysnaado:

  1. Dib u eegidda distoorka, si loo adkeeyo dimuquraadiyadda iyo hab-maamul-wanaaga, oo ay ugu horreyso kala xadaynta Golaha Fulinta, Sharci-dejinta iyo Garsoorka.
  2. Dhismaha Xukuumad kooban oo tayayeysan.
  3. Adkaynta dhismaha ciidanka, darajo, dhaqaale iyo farsamaba.
  4. Kor-u-qaadka aqoonta iyo ka xooreynta shaqaalaha dawladda arrimaha siyaasadda. Hab-dhaqanaka shaqaalha ( Civil service code) iyo sharciga shaqo-gelinta qaranka (Public Appointments Law)
  5. Xoojinta maamulada gobalada, iyo yareenta forogelinta xukuumadda dhexe.
  6. Xoojinta Wasaaradaha Wax-soosaarka sida Beeraha, xoolaha, iyo kaluumeysiga, iyo horumarinta wasaaradaha bulsho, sida caafimaadka, tacliinta, iyo shaqada.
  7. Xalinta iyo sharciyenta arrimaha dhulka, beeraha iyo degaanada.
  8. Yareenta miisaaniyadda Madaxtooyada.
  9. Dhismaha Bankiyo ganacsi oo khaas ah.
  10. Barnaamaj khaas ah oo khuseeya Gobalada Bari, uguna horeyso lacag bedelka.
  11. Sharciyenta Idaacado xor ah
  12. Dhismaha Kuliyadaha Ciidamada: Boliska iyo Xoogaba( Military).
  13. Maalgelinta Xisbiyadda Qaranka
Waa iga tilmaan uun ee waxaan hubaa in intaas iyo dar kaleba shirka lagu soo qaadi doono. Waxa se loo baahan yahay in dheg loo yeesho rabitaanka dadweynaha, gobal kastana si siman soo-jeedintooda loo maqlo, loona qiimeeyo. Waa in xubnaha cusub ee ku soo biiray aad loo soo dhoweeya, maamulkana lagu kabaa. Waa dhig cusub oo dardartiisa iyo tabtiisa wata. Isla markaas waa inaan la iloobin ragga iyo dumarka u dhabar adeegay dhismaha xisbiga, marwalbana la siiyaa abaal marin iyo qadarin khaas ah. Haddaan wax qabadka xisbiga leysku abaal marin, oon mar walba la xusuusan cidda tiirka u taagtay, weeraha iyo waraabaha ka ilaalisay, cidda maskax iyo maalba u hurtay, la heli maayo cid u darbanaata jiritaanka xisbiga, arrintuna waxay noqonaysaa daneysi, qofba maalinta uu meel kale gacan haadis ka helo u jarmaado. Waxa xisbiga ku haya xubnihiisa waa ixtiraamka iyo qadarinta loo hayo xubnaha hadh iyo habeen u darban danta guud. Yaan leys garab dhigin colka siigadooda la arko kolka tartan jiro, iyo kuwa aan saacadna ka nasan dhismaha iyo hawlaha xisbiga. Xubnaha xisbiga waxa kala qiimeeya oo kala saara, waxqabadkooda, kaalinta ay buuxin karaan, awoodda shacbi ee dabo joogta, ee ma aha dhalashada qofka amba gobalka uu ka soo jeedo.


Bal aan hoos u degnee, sidee Kulmiye guushiisa u tuuri karaa? Waxa arrintan xilkeedu saran yahay xubnaha shirku uga bilaabmaayo 8da bishan Hargeysa. Iyagaan cidi ku labayn mas'uuliyadeeda horeyn iyo dambaynba. Waxay noqon karaan dar himmilada dadweynaha rumeeya oo jeexa dariiqii guusha, amba waxay noqon dar qardo jeexa oo dhabada loo salaxay ka luma, taariikhdana ka gala bog madow oo ku soo noqnoqda taariikhda qaranka Soomaaliland.

Dhabada guusha waxa lagu gaadhi karaa wadajir, is-maqal, is-dhegeysi, wada-shaqayn, is-tixgelin, is-ixtiraam, is-qadarin, kala-dambayn, abaal- marin, qiimeyn, tilmaan, tusaaleyn, is-dhaliil waxtar leh (Constructive criticism), tartan aan shakhsiyeysnayn ee loo tartamaayo sidii guusha loo dhalin lahaa,( Selfless Competition).

Dhismaha Golaha Dhexe waa in lagu saleeya waxqabad, karti, daacadnimo, iyadoo la eegaayo in dhammaan gobalada dalku ka muuqdaan si mudakar ah. Qiimeynta qofka ayaa ah tan salka u aha guusha xisbiga. Dadku waxay ka arkayaan xisbiga inta hawsha uloo igmaday ooy kow ka tahay Golaha Dhexe. Waxa xisbi waliba leeyahay kooxo amba garabo is bahaysta, waa sunaha dimuquraadiyadda ee ma aha mid xisbiga wax yeelaysa, haddii koox kastaa ay ixtiraameyso distoorka, iyo nidaamka aqlabiyadda ( Majority rule). Go'aanka ka soo baxa shirwedynahu waa inuu noqda mid dhammaan reer Kulmiye qaataan, mid wax diidan iyo mid dhammaantiiba ku qanacsan, kol haddii inta badani qaadatay. Go'aanku waa mid loo midaysan yahay, kii soo jeediyey, iyo kii diidanaaba. Ninba mar ayuu fikirkiisu hanan karaa aqlabiyadda xisbiga.Waxayna
sharci ahaan dhammaan xubnaha xisbigu ku qasban yihiin go'aanada aqlabiyadda, oo ah habka keliya ee xisbi dimuquraadi ihi ku jiri karo.

Xisbi doorasho u soo dhowdahay oo maamulkiisu kala furmaa, kala dudaa, kala cararaa guul meelna kuma leh. Waxa xisbiyada qadiimka ah sida kuwan U.K ay ka qaadataa tobaneeye sano iyo siyaade inta ay ka soo doogaan burbur ku yimaada maamulkooda, maxaad u malayn xisbi cusub oo bulshadiisu weli beelaysantay, dawladuna awooddeedoo dhan mid sharci ah iyo mid kaleba saartay burburintiisa. 20taneeye sano ayey ka qaadatay xisbiga talada haya ee Shaqaalahu (Labour Party) inuu ka soo kaco kala-jabkii ku dhacay 1978. Waxa sidoo kale saaxadda ka maqan ilaa 1997 xisbigii mudada badan dalkan ka taliyey ee Qunyarsocodka ah ( Conservative Party), markii is qabsi dhexdooda galay, Raiisul Wasaarihii ugu mudada dheeraana Mrs. Thacher iyadoo xilka haysa xisbigu tukhaantukhiyey. Waa cabasho iyo eed maalin walba dhex taala xisbiga ood hadwalba canaanteedu hadhayso hogaamiye kasta oo cusub. Waxay marayaan shan hoggaamiye ilaa maalintaas, kan maantana, waa Mr. Cameron ee ragbaa u heesaaya oo waxaa maalin kasta warbaahinta ku jira eedo uga imanaaya isla xubno maamulkiisa ka tirsan.

Qof kasta oo xilka loo dhiibo, mid dal iyo mid xisbiba, haddaan mas'uuliinta kale la shaqayn,oo daacadnimo iyo hagrasho la'aan leysu barbartaagin, laguma farxo guusha uu keeno. Ma aha inta qofka xilka loo dhiibo, loo durbaan tumo, haddana hawsha keligii lagu daayo. Far qudhi fool ma dhaqdo, wado-shaqayntu waxay waxay miisaan gaar u leedahay marka xisbigu yahay mucaarid , oo dal Afrika ah ka jira, aan helin taageero dawladeed, bal se dawladdu awooddeeda iyo hantida qaranka kula dagaalayso. Waxa u hiil ah waa tabaruca maskaxeed iyo tan adduunyo ee xubnahiisa. Itaalka dhaqaale ee dadweynahana weynu ognahay. Waxa halkan laga dareemi karaa xilka gaarka ah ee saran inteena qurbojooga ah. Miyeyna ahayn in xilkaa si gaar ah qurbojoogu u qaato, inaynu seeska u aasno xisbiga, u dhisno hab-maamul oo taabogal ah, dhinac hawlgelin iyo mid dhaqaaleba.

Ha noqon nin gacmahu u laaban yihiin, oo la taagan dhaliil oon. Adigu is weydii waajibkaagii ma ka soo baxday. Intee wax aad qaban lahayd kaa baaqday, yaad canaananaysaa haddaad ahayd Gudiga Fulinta, haddaad ahyd Golaha Dhexe, haddaad ahyd Guddiga Laamaha. Xisbigu ma qofbaa leh, ma shaqaale ayuu leeyahay. Haddaad waajibaadkaaga ka soo baxday ood cid gooni ah u aragto inay hagratay, waa banaantay inaad keento ood ka dodo. Haddii se qof waliba eedda iska riixo, oo aynu la mid noqono sida Wasiirada Riyaale, ee laga sheego dhaliisha oo ay dhammaan ku riixaan dhinaca Madaxtooyada. Taasi waxay keentaa niyad jab iyo cuqdad aan laga doogsan. Waxa loo baahan yahay dhaliil ku dhisan run, ka bilaabanta naftaada, wadata toosin, dulqaadna u leh inay dhegeysato darafka kale.

Aan si fudud oo dul xaadis ah u muujiyo, waxyaabaha guusha maamul nooc kasta ha noqdee cilmi ahaan la ogaaday inay muhiim yihiin ku dhaqankoodu, anigoo inta aan dhaqan ahaan iyo dal ahaanba is leeyahay wey ugu mudan yihiin soo qaatay.

  1. Qofkaad qiimeynayso, wanaagiisa ka horeysii, qaladkiisa.
  2. Qaladka qofka si dadban u sheeg, una caddee in aadmigu qaldamo balse lagu kala badiyo sida qof waliba qaladkiisa uga faa'ideysto.
  3. Qofka hawshu isku keen xidho, horeysii qaladkaaga intaadan kiisa sheegin
  4. Amar mutaxan ha bixin, ee dalabkaaga hab su'aalo ah u dhig.
  5. Dhegeysiga badi. Kolka qofkaad la doodaysaa hadlaayo, labada dhegoodba u fur. Maskaxdaada, maankaaga iyo jidhkaaguba ha dhuuxaan hadalka qofka kaa soo horjeeda, nuxurka weedhihiisa qiimee, oo caadifadda iyo cuqdad aad ka qabtay ha ku fiirin.
  6. Ammaanta qof leeyahy ha ku masuugin, tan kooxi leedayna sidoo kale. U bushaaree waxii fiican, waxii xuna ka tacsiyadee mid shaqo iyo mid shakhsiba.
  7. Fikradaada gasho dadka, kana dhig mid aan adiga keli kaa soo bixin.Cidda kula fikradda noqota, ka yeel inay fikirka laftiisa kula unkeen. Waxayga ku bedel waxayna.
  8. Qofka kale duruufahiisa ogow, iyo siday saamayn ugu leedahay fikirkiisu
  9. Noqo qof hadal kooban oo dhegeysi badan. Ha boobin hadalka, kuna bilow ereyo macaan, ladifan oo mudan ixtiraam dhinaca kale ah.
  10. Hadafkaagu ha ahado inaad adiga iyo kan kaa soo horjeedaaba guulaysataan. Ha noqon nin doonaaya inuu jabiyo walaalkii oo isagu keli guulaysto. Ogow taasi inay hadafkii weyne wiiqayso.

Sirta nolahu waa samir, is-qancin, dulqaad. Waxa kaba cadaalad aad adiga iyo walaalkaa u sinaantaan maamulka idinka dhexeeya. Waxa lagu gaadhaa run sheeg, daacadnimo, iyo wadajir. Waxa fashilka muftaax u ah danaysinimo, shaki, nafjecleysi, iyo dulqaad la'aan. Waxa fashilka kaba cadaalad darro iyo sharci aan loo sinayn. Waxa fashilka badhitaara been iyo jaahilnimo.

Aniga aan ku bedelno inaga iyo danta guud. Aan qiimeyno taariikhda qofka iyo tamarta uu geliyey xisbiga. Idinkama aqoon badni, ee taladaa halkaas ila martay.  Faylasuufkii weynaa ee Giriiga ahaa, lana odhan jiray Socrates, ayaa yidhi: " Waxa keliya ee aan aqaan, waa inaanan waxba aqoonin." Waxaan leeyahy waxaan ogahay inaan aqoon wax badani iga maqantay.

Dunidu waxay ku socotaa waa aqoon wadareed leysu geeyey, ninna keli waxba ma aha, qof walibana meel iyo arrin ayuu ku wacan yahay ee gacmaha is qabsada, is-aamina, Illaahayna talo saarta. Waa idinkoo shirka ku soo af jaray go,aankii guusha oo loo wado dhan yahay iyo awoodda oo leysugu geeyo guusha doorashooyinka. Insha Allah waxaan idinla joogi idinkuu go'aamadiina ku hawl galaaya doorashooyinka soo-socda.

Waa iga dardaaran ee hooy yaan la il-duufin, yaan tartanka gudahiina cadow idiin ilowsiin, ha noqonin labadii dibi ee qooqanaa, sida ay isu dilaayeena, iyagoo dhawac iyo daal carabka u soo tuuray, waraabuhu ku wishiriiyey raqdoodii, ha yeelanina indhihii duqanka, samirna ha ka noqonin goon, kibir iyo islaweyni yeyna awood beena idiin sawirin. Tusa ummadda Soomaliland inaydun isu habayseen hogaanka qaranaka, inaydun tihiin awood gobal kasta ka muuqata, soona jiidatay bulsha weynta degmo kasta oo dalkeen ka tirsan. Kiina camalka fudud soo dabra, kan degdegsan la gucleeya, kan gaabiska ah jiida, kan hurda toosiya, ka kaftanka badan la qosla, kan cadhada dhowna kaftanka ka dhowra. Go'a Kulmiye huwda oo dhaxanta iyo dabaysha ka dugsada.

Bir-tilmaameedka Kulmiye ha noqoto cadaalad bulsho, cadaalad maaamul, cadaalad waxbarasho, cadaalad ganacsi, cadaalad laan kasta oo dawladnimo taabata, ha noqdo magaca Kulmiye mid carabka bulshadu u duceeyo, mid noqda astaanta dhismaha dalka iyo dadka Soomaaliland.

REER KULMIYOW KAMARADA TAARIIKHDAA IDIN DUL SAARAN EE WAA WAXA NIN WALBA AY KA DUUBAA. U GUNTADA MASIIRKA UMMADDA.

SOOMAALILAANDEEY WAA KAA KULMIYE EE KADABAA DHAHA.


KULMIYE HA GUULAYSTO

SOOMAALILAND HA NOOLAATO



MAHAD ALLE IYO BARIIDO RASUUL,

Ahmed Arwo