16 April, 2014

Tacsi ka timid La-taliyaha Madaxweynaha ee dhaqaalaha iyo Ganacsiga Axmed Carwo TACSI GEERIDA Yaasiin Xaaji Ismaaciil (Jirdeh)

Tacsi ka timid La-taliyaha Madaxweynaha ee dhaqaalaha iyo Ganacsiga Axmed Carwo TACSI GEERIDA Yaasiin Xaaji Ismaaciil (Jirdeh)

Tacsi ka timid La-taliyaha Madaxweynaha ee dhaqaalaha iyo Ganacsiga Axmed Carwo
TACSI GEERIDA 

Yaasiin Xaaji Ismaaciil (Jirdeh)


Waxaan tacsi u dirayaa ehelka, ubadka, tafiirta kale, gacalka, qaraabada, xigaalka, xito iyo asxaabta uu marxuum 

Yaasiin Xaaji Ismaaciil (Jirdeh)

 ka baxay gaar ahaan reer Ismaaciil Jirdehim iyo tafiirtooda.. Yaasiin waxuu ahaa siyaasi, aqoonyahan iyo oday dhaqan, isagoo wasaaradaha Gudaha, iyo Warfaafinta Soomaliya ka qabtay xilal aad u waaweyn ilaa Wasiir. Waxa lagu yaqiinay nin akhris badan oon ka daalin akhriska, mufakir madax banaan, wadaniyadda ayna waxba uga hooseyn.. 

Waxuu ahaa Yaasiin nin af gaaban, dad-aqoon ah oo asxaab badan bulshaawi laab xalan.
 
Inaa lilaa wa inaa illeyhi raajacuun.


Axmed Xasan Carwo
La-taliyaha Madaxweynaha ee Dhaqaalaha
Ganacsiga iyo Malgashiga

Hargeysa 063 4096421


http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

15 April, 2014

War Deg Deg Ah Ciidamda Somaliland Ee Gobolka Sool Oo Si Rasmi Ah Ula Wareegay Gacan Ku Haynta Degmada Taleex

War Deg Deg Ah Ciidamda Somaliland Ee Gobolka Sool Oo Si Rasmi Ah Ula Wareegay Gacan Ku Haynta Degmada Taleex
 Durdur Desk on April 15, 2014


Taleex(DNS)-Degmada Taleex ee gobolka Sool,waxaa saakay la wareegay ciidamo ka tirsan Somaliland,kuwaaso fariisimo ka sameystay hareeraha magaalada,sida waxaa sheegay dadka deegaanka.oo la soo xidhidhay shabakada durdurmedia group

Waxaa la sheegay inuusan jirin wax iska hor imaad ah,xilligaana si buuxda ay degmada ugu gacan gashay Ciidamada qaranka Soomaaliland.



Degmada Taleex,waxaa ay fariisin u ahaayd falaagada Khaatumo, iyadoona ku taalla gobollada ay ku muransanyihiin Puntland iyo Soomaaliland.



Ma jirto war inta dheer oo wali laga hayo xaaladda degmada Taleex ee taarikhiga ah.

Dhinaca kale waxaa xilligaan magaalada Garoowe shir jaraa’id ku qabtay madaxweyne ku-xigeenka Puntland C/xakiim Cumar Camey,waxaana ku waheliya shirka golayaasha dowladda.



Wali ma uusan soo dhammaan shirka jaraa’id ee ay dowladda uga hadlayso xaaladda Taleex,waxaana wararka an helayno ay sheegayan in heegan buuxa la galiyey ciidamada Puntland.



waxaana xusid mudan in xilli hore madaxweynaha Soomaaliland uu booqosho ku tagay magaalada Laasqoray.




http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

13 April, 2014

Indigenous but Insensible Media Groupssom

Indigenous but Insensible Media Groups

By: Eng. Hussein Adan Igeh (Hussein Deyr) [UK]XUSEEN DAYR
Truth and Accuracy, Impartiality, Editorial Integrity and Independence, Serving the Public Interest, Accountability, Transparency, Fairness and Respecting Privacy; these are the unmistakeable golden rules into which each and every news organization should adhere and respect. An objective and impartial newsgathering from credible and verifiable sources, sticking on journalism guidelines, avoiding violating privacy and the good name and reputation of individuals, a decent media organisation must devote a great deal of its sources. At all times the news organisation should adhere to the highest editorial standards and must offer its readers/viewers impartial, balanced and in depth coverage of events and news items in the region and beyond.
A decent Media outlet should always be sensitive to, sensible and keep in touch with generally accepted standards as well as the expectations of their audiences, in content and essence, particularly in relation to those national and public security sensitive issues. It is extremely deplorable to notice that a great number of Somaliland media outlets (Websites and/or Newspapers) are intentionally unveiling highly sensitive National security information and State Secrets, including the Presidential Place activity, military operations, economic and diplomatic contacts, etc.
Some Somaliland’s native media groups (at home and abroad) have always a tendency to spread untruthful stories, rumours and an unfounded hearsay news reporting with only one goal in mind: to sell more copies or to attract more audience. They leave no stone unturned to destabilize our country; they are knowingly and willingly creating a climate of collective confusion among the brotherly people of the Republic of Somaliland. They create mistrust and baseless stories that consumes much of life and energy of Somalilanders.
Instead of being well sourced, based on sound evidence, thoroughly tested and presented in clear and precise style, some Somaliland’s indigenous Media outlets are inclined to spread unfounded speculations; tempting and hardly verifiable stories, with only one goal in mind: to sell more copies or to attract more audience. Such irresponsible actions endanger our homeland’s social stability, security and interests. It sends negative signals which can back up Somaliland’s internal and external enemies. They are continuously spreading false and damaging stories; they lie or twist the truth about the leadership and his family members and other high rank government officials with the sole intention to blackmail, harm and hurt them.
The scope and effect of such negative media reporting is to mislead the public, to influence and reinforce a negative public perception towards the current government, portraying your government as ineffective, a government that cannot fulfil its promises and therefore not suitable to run the country. If a proper counter-measurement from the government fails to happen, then Somaliland citizens will be more receptive to believe in such pessimistic media coverage. Therefore, it is particularly crucial that the current government have to challenge and combat the emerging media influence on the ordinary Somaliland citizen.
In spite of the apparent social and economic development as well as diplomatic advancement of the current Somaliland government, I believe there will be always people who are prepared to take a second look, particularly those groups who are extremely think-skinned and intolerant of perceived criticism who are apparently uncommitted and unconvinced for the Somaliland’s cause. The current government deals with challenging issues of today as well as for tomorrow; focusing mainly on those issues (national and international) that really matters and affects the lives of Somaliland people. Each and every government department is on the rise and is thriving at an astonishingly fast progress.
For the sake of our national security and social stability, I would strongly recommend to the government of Republic of Somaliland to adopt the right, appropriate and legally acceptable strategies against those Empty, Insensible and Clueless ‘Media Groups’ who are only bent on inciting and promoting hatred, hostility and division among the brotherly people of Somaliland.
Good information, public awareness building and an active involvement of country’s citizens are the best ways in which can be dealt with the negative impact of some biased-media outlets. I believe it is the duty of the government to provide its citizen an accurate and reliable information sources. In that case you are one step ahead than all misinformation or propaganda coverage and you let them all to remain silent.
God Bless the Republic of Somaliland and its Noble people
BY: Eng. Hussein Adan Igeh (Hussein Deyr) [UK]


http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

DEGAANADII KULMIYE IYAGOO WADAJIRA AYEY HABSAMI KU SOO DHOWEYNAYAAN DEGAAMADA SIDA MUGGA WEYN UGU SOO BIIRAY


DEGAANADII KULMIYE IYAGOO WADAJIRA AYEY HABSAMI KU SOO DHOWEYNAYAAN DEGAAMADA SIDA MUGGA WEYN UGU SOO BIIRAY

Axmed Xasan Carwo

Xisbi waliba waxuu leeyahay degaamo lafdhabar u ah oon laga leexin lagana riixin taageeeradooda, iyagaa u ah xididka uu ku taagan yahay warabiyana xubnaha kale ee xisbiga, iyagaa u hura waqti, fikir iyo maalba, iyagaa soo jiita degaanada kale tusana dhabada ay hayaan in lala wadaago oo wanaaga ayna isku koobin. Waa taa tan uu ku barbaaro xisbi ku koro, kuna midho dhaliyo.

Wadajirka iyo isfahamka degaaanada kulmiye waa tan dhalisay guusha is dhabo jooga ah ee xisbiga, waa tan keentay in sida durdur roob helay safka dheer loogu jiro ku soo biiridda xisbiga. Waa tan dad badani la yaaban yahay in kuwii shalay ganbadhka iyo caroogga u qaatay caydiisa ay maanta ka muuqdaan safka hore ee xisbiga. Waxay garteen qaladkoodii, waxay qireen tubta saxa ah ee KULMIYE ku socdo. Waxay garwaaqsadeen in danta guud ku jirto KULMIYE oo guushuna la daris tahay.

Ha yeeshee ma ahayn in abaabulka kulmiye qaato muddada intaas leeg, wallow ay jiraan culeys ka yimid baaxaddda weyn ee xisbiga, oo is-waafajinta iyo is barashada degaanada cusub ay ka dhalan karto taxafud iyo is-riix-riix. Ma ahayn in arrimahaasi qaataan waqti badan. Waa in la eegaa danta xisbiga oo la dhowra juhdiga iyo waqtiga ay geliyeen xubnihii hore iyadoon la diidanyn xubnaha cusub. Waayo haddaan taas la eegin kalsoonidda xubnaha xisbigu waxay noqonaysa mid dhaawacanta. Waxa laciifi doona wax qabadka xubnaha oo u arki doona inaan la qiimeyn wax qabadkooda. Waxa kala furmi doona is kaashigii gunta u ah xubnaha iyo deegaanada hormoodka ka ahaa xisbiga.

Waxa hubaal ah in straatijiyada xisbigu tahay in la joogteeyo wadajirka deegaanada halbowlaha u ah, iyadoo isla markaas la soo dhoweynaayo degaanada cusub. Waxa habboon in dacaayadda kala furka degaanada KULMIYE leyska jiro oo la dhowro inaan cid ku soo biirta mooyaane aan cidi ka bixin. Waa inaynu adkeynaa xeyndaabka xisbiga, gufeynaa meesha banaanaata, degdeg u daaweynaa halka nabar gaadhay.

Waxaynu ognahay in xisbigu doorashaba tan ka dambeysa uu codkiisu kor u kacaayey. Waxa hubaal ah in doorashadii degaanka ee 2012 hoggaanka xisbigu ka soo baxay tajribad adag markii la furyay ururada oo laga baqaayey in wadajirka deegaanada KULMIYE wiiqmaan. Waxa xaqiiqowday in wadajirka deegaanada KULMIYE yihiin mid qotodheer oo xidiidkeedu meel dheer iyo baac fog gaadhay. Mana aha iyada oo tartankaas si cad uu uga mudhay xisbigu in looga baqo iyadoo maanta tartanku ka dhaxeeyo labo xisbi mucaarid oon midna looga baqayn inuu raad ku yeesho deegaanadii halbowlaha u ahaa KULMIYE.

Waxa iyana waajib ah in xisbiga iyo xukuumaddu noqdaan ul iyo diirkeed. Waxa xisbiga lagu qiimeynaya waa waxqabadka iyo qaladka xukuumadda, ma nihin xisbi mucaarid oo balan qaad keliyaa laga sugaayo, waxa leynoo dhiibay hoggaanka dalka oo shacbigu ina doortay, waxay inagu qiimeynayaan waa ficilkeena. Xukuumaddu waa inay u aragtaa in xisbigu yahay kan dadweynaha uga wakiil ah oo meel walba taagan, waa inay u diyaarisa war iyo weedh iyo agab uu dada ka iibiyo. Xisbiyahanku waa kan dhegta wax ugu sheegi og dadaweynaha, waa kan la doodi kara soona qadimi kara dareenka dadweynha iyo halka dhaliili jirto.

Qalad waxaynu u nahay aadmi, kolka waxqabad jirana lama waayo qalad. Waa in si dhab ah aynu dhaliilaha gudaheena u dhegeysanaa deedna u saxnaa. Taas ayaa qancin karta dadweynha arka waxqabadka muuqda kolka inta yar ee ay qalooca u arkaan la dhegeysto. Ma lihi ma saxno qaladkeena waa la saxa ee waa inaynu ka dhignaa mid muuqda dariiqa loo maray iyo go'aankiisuba ( (Transparency in process and decision).

Ugu dambeyn waa in la soo gudbiyaa siyaasad iyo barnaamaj xisbi oo leh himmilo iyo aragti dheer (Vision), kuna cadahay waxqabkii balanqaadkii hore iyo qiimeynta guud ee horumarka dalka iyo qorshaha mustqbalka. Waa inaynu dib u eegnaa dastuurka xisbiga oo si dhammeys ah loo iftiimiya oo uu noqda kan alif ilaa ya lagu maamuli doono xisbiga lagauna xafiddi doono xuquuqda xubinnimo, si qof waliba waxa uu gashado xisbigu u qiimeeyo una qadariyo

Aan ku qadarino kuna dhowrno xubnaha xisbiga ee guusha inoo horseedey.

KULMIYE waa guuleystay, waxaana muuqata guul kale iyo tii lagu yaqaanay ee dood dabadeed midnimo iyo wadajir iyo doorashada oo midba midda ka dambeysa codkeenu sii kordho.


Axmed Xasan Carwo

samotalis @gmail.com

https://www.facebook.com/aharwo

http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

12 April, 2014

War-Degdeg Ah:Xildhibaan Ka Mid Ah Barlamaanka Somaliland Oo Lagu Tooriyeey Badhtamaha Magaalada Burco




War-Degdeg Ah:Xildhibaan Ka Mid Ah Barlamaanka Somaliland Oo Lagu Tooriyeey Badhtamaha Magaalada Burco

Xildhibaan ka mid ah Barlamaanka Somaliland oo lagu tooriyeey badhtamaha magaalada Burco+xaaladiisa Caafimaad

Burco-(Qaran-news)-Xildhibaan Jaamac Xasan Aadan oo ka mid ah Golaha barlaamanka Somaliland beryahan danbena ku sugnaa magaalada Burco oo ah Gobolka laga soo doortay ayaa maanta duhurkii nin ku tooriyey agaarka Hotel Badha-badha,Burco.


Xildhibaan Jaamac ayaa la sheegay in ninka weerar ku soo qaadey ku dhuftay dhawr Tooriyood ,Dhaawac halisana gaadhsiiyey balse xogguhu ma sheegin sababta ninkaasi weerarka ula beegsadey xildhibaanka.


Xildhibaan Jaamac ayaa la dhigay Cusbitaalka guud ee Burco halkaas oo lagu daaweynaayo.


Yeelkeede Ninkii dhawac u geystay Xildhibaan Jaamac ayaa la sheegay inuu baxsaday markii dhawr Tooriyood ku hubsadey Xildhibaanka.

http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

11 April, 2014

The Obama administration must hold Egypt’s rulers to the standards of democracy


The Post’s View
The Obama administration must hold Egypt’s rulers to the standards of democracy


By Editorial Board,

SECRETARY OF State John F. Kerry has made clear that he is eager to certify that the Egyptian regime of Gen. Abdel Fatah al-Sissi is “taking steps to govern democratically,” as Mr. Kerry is required to do by law before military aid to Egypt can be fully resumed. But Mr. Kerry conceded a few weeks ago that the generals “need to help us help them . . . by implementing some of the reforms that we’ve been talking to them about with respect to inclusivity, journalists, some of the arrests and so forth.”

Unfortunately for Mr. Kerry, Gen. Sissi — who recently announced that he will be a candidate in a presidential election next month — doesn’t appear inclined to be helpful. On Monday, an Egyptian court upheld three-year sentences for three of the country’s best-known political prisoners. Ahmed Maher and Mohammed Adel are founding members of the April 6 movement, a secular liberal group that led the demonstrations that brought down the regime of Hosni Mubarak in 2011; Ahmed Douma is another young pro-democracy activist. All three were convicted of protesting a law that bans public demonstrations not sanctioned by the government, a repressive statute, imposed by the military regime, that both Egyptian and foreign human rights groups say is at odds with Egypt’s constitution.


Washington Post Editorials

Editorials represent the views of The Washington Post as an institution, as determined through debate among members of the editorial board. News reporters and editors never contribute to editorial board discussions, and editorial board members don’t have any role in news coverage.

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Numerous Egyptian civilian leaders who supported Gen. Sissi’s coup in July against the elected government of Mohamed Morsi, including his nominal opponent in the upcoming election, had called on the regime to pardon the three democrats and repeal the protest law. Instead, the government is preparing even tougher legislation. According to Egyptian news reports, thecabinet has approved two newcounterterrorism” laws that would legally define terrorist acts as including “preventing educational institutions from carrying out their work” — aimed at student protests — and “undermining the public order.”

The regime also is still persecuting the journalists to whom Mr. Kerry obliquely referred. Three Al Jazeera staffers, including citizens of Australia and Canada, have been jailed since Dec. 29 and are on trial for aiding a “terrorist group,” which is how the regime defines Mr. Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood. Human rights groups believe more than 16,000 people, including Mr. Morsi, have been detained by the regime ;more than 1,000 have been arrested under the anti-protest law.

The State Department issued a couple of statements deploring these developments. OnMonday, it said the sentences for Mr. Maher, Mr. Adel and Mr. Douma run “counter to the Egyptian government’s commitment to fostering an open electoral environment and a transition process that protects the universal rights of all Egyptians.” Yet senior administration officials remain intent on issuing the certification following the presidential election because the legal language approved by Congress refers to the holding of elections.

That shouldn’t be possible — nor should it be tolerated by Congress. As Sen. Patrick J. Leahy (D-Vt.) said in January, “ If the military continues its repressive tactics, arresting democracy activists, and does not hold free and fair elections, the certifications will not be possible and U.S. aid will be cut off.” Mr. Kerry — and Gen. Sissi — must be held to that standard.

Read more about this issue:

Jackson Diehl: America chooses the wrong allies in Egypt

Marina Ottaway and David Ottaway: Egypt is not moving toward democracy

The Post’s View: Egypt shows no sign of turning toward democracy

The Post’s View: The White House’s empty words on supporting Egyptian democracy

The Post’s View: Egypt’s military shows it is no friend of freedom

http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

King Parahu: The Only Known Leader Of Land Of Punt


King Parahu: The Only Known Leader Of Land Of Punt


The people of Somaliland were shocked by the hasty congratulation message of Kulmiye led government in Hargiesa to the selection of Abdi Weli, as leader of Puntland, an autonomous region of Somalia. During his campaign, Abdi Weli vowed to invade Somaliland’s eastern regions.

Abdi Weli, who is leading tribal enclave, claims parts of Somaliland based on clan. He believes that Harti clans in eastern Somaliland must join Puntland, which according to him is a kingdom of Harti kinsfolk. Weli is bribing and brainwashing some of Somaliland’s Harti fugitives using the dirty money that he gained during his premiership in Transitional Government of Somalia, where he was accused for corruption.

Abdi Weli, according to the UN Monitoring Group report, was criticized for endemic corruption alongside other three high-ranking officials in Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia including former President Sheikh Sharif and the Parliament Speaker. Former Prime Minister Mohamed Farmaajo was, also, accused in the report. Both Abdi Weli and Farmaajo vehemently denied but the stain and accusation are still alive in the minds of the people of Somalia.

Somalia, including Puntland, is at the top of the world’s most failed states because of such corrupted leaders, who fill-up their pockets instead of serving some of the poorest people on earth.

Abdi Weli, who is disconnected from the reality, is planning to unite all the Harti tribesmen under Puntland administration, which means that Puntland will take over parts of Ethiopia and Somaliland. Currently Puntland invades Somaliland and will do the same to Ethiopia.

This policy of invading legitimate countries based on ethnicity was adopted in Somalia after independence. Somalia invaded Ethiopia in 1977, in order to take over Ethiopia’s eastern parts dominated by Somali speaking community. Such policy called “Somaliwayn”.

The government of Somalia is not accepting secession of Somaliland, as an independent nation, because Somaliland is part of Somali-speaking community in east Africa and loosing Somaliland means the end of “Somaliwayn” policy.

Abdi Weli is ready to trigger war with Somaliland as he declared during his campaign. On undeclared visit, Abdi Weli visited Badhan town, which is located inside Somaliland, which led Somaliland authorities to seal-off its border with Somalia.

In his latest misleading acts, Abdi Weli accused Somaliland of having links with Al-Shabaab terrorists without providing material evidence to support the accusation.

Al-Shabab bombed Somaliland presidential palace, Ethiopian embassy and UNDP head office in Hargiesa – Capital of Somaliland. Somaliland is part of war-on-terror and arrested many Al-Shabab members.

Somaliland Intelligence Agency provided critical security information, which helped the UK authorities to fool terrorist attempt in London during 2007. Somaliland collaborates with other regional authorities on security and intelligence information.

Such baseless accusation against Somaliland undermines the international community efforts to solve the longstanding instability of ex-Somali Republic. It undermines the current talk between Somaliland and Somalia in Turkey, in which both countries are deciding on their future political relations.

Last week, Puntland policeman killed two UN aid workers at the day light, which led the UN to shift all its employees to Somaliland.

Somaliland submitted their concerns over Puntland’s untrue accusation to the government of Somalia in Mogadishu.

Somaliland will not allow Abdi Weli to illegally infiltrate into Somaliland border with Somalia again, and Puntland will be responsible for any security instability that could result from such unfriendly situation created by Puntland.

Brief History of Land of Punt

Puntland has twisted the history of Land of Punt to tribal enclave, where the area was turned into crime territory. The human trafficking, where small wooden boat intended to carry lighter cargo used to smuggle thousands of people into Yemen and Arabian Gulf. Thousands of Somalis and Ethiopians lost their life in this risky trip. There are famous Puntland leaders who are involved in such dirty business. Piracy is another lucrative business, although it is declining recently, but still there are cases of piracy reported. Recently Hollywood released movie named ‘Captain Philip’ about the Puntland Piracy. The director carefully selected the actors who were mainly from Puntland.

By naming their state “Puntland,” the leaders of that self-declared autonomous northern Somalia evoke a storied history. The Land of Punt was a key trading partner of ancient Egypt from roughly 2,500 BCE to 1000 BCE. Punt provided rare goods for the Egyptian elite, including aromatic gums (especially myrrh and frankincense), gold, ivory and wild animals, but around 1000 BCE connections were lost, after which the Land of Punt faded into legends, its exact location lost.

Despite heaps of evidence and decades of debate, scholars are not certain where or even what ancient Punt was and where it was.

The exact location of Punt is still debated by historians. Most scholars today believe Punt was located to the southeast of Egypt, most likely in the coastal region of what is today Somaliland, Djibouti, Eritrea, and North East Ethiopia.

The Land of Punt, also called Pewenet, or Pewene by ancient Egyptians was an Egyptian trading partner. The region is known from ancient Egyptian records of trade missions to it.
During Queen Hatsheput the Land of Punt was ruled by King Parahu and Queen Ati, the only known leader of Land of Punt. However, today’s tribe enclave called Puntland twisted the history including Abdi Weli are nothing but leaders of tribe enclave and bogus self-styled leaders who don’t represent the people.

Hatshepsut “maintains the fiction that her envoy” Chancellor Nehsi, who is mentioned as the head of the expedition, had travelled to Punt “in order to extract tribute from the natives” who admit their allegiance to the Egyptian pharaoh. In reality, Nehsi’s expedition was a simple trading mission to a land, Punt, which was by this time a well-established trading post
as I mentioned Scholars have long sought to locate the Land of Punt. Ancient Egyptian sources show that it was reached by sailing down the Red Sea. A location is thus suggested, probably in present day Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somaliland and Djibouti.

However, what the current selected leaders of Puntland are claiming is twisting the history. Note that modern Puntland lies at the extreme margin of the general area hypothesized as the possible Land of Punt.

Today’s piracy enclave of Puntland is not part of Land of Punt as per the below map which shows that self-declared autonomous region of Puntland is not located in the same place as the ancient Land of Punt. Puntland is not alone in being misplaced from its namesake. Several African countries are named for illustrious kingdoms that were situated elsewhere.

Map of Land of Punt

Also, the map shows the location of SULT DEL MIGIURTIN (Majeerteeniya) after independence to be named Majeerteeniya / North East Province of Somali Republic and later after the collapse of central government of Somalia, the region was declared as semi-autonomous region of Puntland. This is the true color of Puntland and it has no relation with Land of Punt, and the last recognized and known King of Land of Punt was King Parahu.

Moreover, the map shows the clear territorial border of Somaliland, Djibouti and Somalia.

Conclusion

Somaliland is peaceful country and promotes peace and harmony in the region. Somaliland is cooperative towards achieving stable and prosperous Horn of Africa. However, Puntland’s illegal attempts to create instability in far east of Somaliland will have painful consequences, knowing that the strong Somaliland Army are at the border between Somaliland and Somalia, which is not far from the main cities of Puntland. Any attempt to violate the international Somaliland-Somalia border will receive strong response.

Source: http://ancientpeoples.tumblr.com/

By\ Abdulaziz Al-Mutairi

http://samotalis.blogspot.com/

10 April, 2014

Najashi: The king who supported Muslim emigrants

Najashi: The king who supported Muslim emigrants










Al-Najashi Mosque in Ethiopia.


ABU TARIQ HIJAZI

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It was a very critical moment. Jafar ibn Abi Taleb, the elder brother of Ali ibn Abi Taleb, who after embracing Islam escaped the prosecution of Makkans and led a delegation of over 80 emigrants to Habesha, was standing in the court of Christian King Najashi to defend Islam. He had full faith in Almighty Allah and so he spoke fearlessly.
After the second emigration of Muslims to Habesha (Abyssinia), Abu Jahl and Abu Sufyan, the two warlords of pagans of Makkah, sent a delegation to Najashi asking him to expel the Muslims. The delegation brought many precious gifts for the king and his courtiers. They presented their claim in the court saying:
“O king, there is a group of evil persons from among our youth who have escaped to your kingdom. They practice a religion, which neither we, nor you know. They have forsaken our religion and have not embraced your religion. The respected leaders of their people — from among their own parents and uncles and from their own clans — have sent us to you to request you to return them.”
The king looked toward his bishops, who had already been bribed, they said: “O king, they speak the truth. Their own people know them better and are better acquainted with what they have done. Send them back so that they themselves might judge them.”
The king was angry with this response and said: “No, by God, I won’t surrender them to anyone until I myself call them and question them about what they have been accused of.”
Najashi invited the Muslims at the court and asked their leader Jafar: “What is this religion which you have introduced for yourself and which has served to cut you off from the religion of your people? You also did not enter my religion nor the religion of any other community.”
Jafar stood and replied with full confidence: “O king, we were a people in a state of ignorance and immorality, worshipping idols and eating the flesh of dead animals, committing all sorts of abomination and shameful deeds, breaking the ties of kinship, treating guests badly and the strong among us exploited the weak.
“We remained in this state until Allah sent us a Prophet (peace be upon him), one of our own people whose lineage, truthfulness, trustworthiness and integrity were well-known to us. He called us to worship Allah alone and to renounce the stones and the idols, which we and our ancestors used to worship besides Allah.
“He commanded us to speak the truth, to honor our promises, to be kind to our relations, to be helpful to our neighbors, to cease all forbidden acts, to abstain from bloodshed, to avoid obscenities and false witness, not to appropriate an orphan’s property nor slander chaste women.
He ordered us to worship Allah alone and not to associate anything with him, to uphold Salat, to give Zakat and fast in the month of Ramadan. We believed in him and what he brought to us from Allah and we follow him in what he has asked us to do and we keep away from what he forbade us from doing.
“Thereupon, O king, our people attacked us, visited the severest punishment on us to make us renounce our religion and take us back to the old immorality and the worship of idols.
“They oppressed us, made life intolerable for us and obstructed us from observing our religion. So we left for your country, choosing you before anyone else, desiring your protection and hoping to live in justice and in peace in your midst.”

Najashi was impressed and was eager to hear more. He asked Jafar: “Do you have with you something of what your Prophet brought from God? Please read to me:” Jafar, in his rich, melodious voice recited for him a portion of Surah Maryam from Verses 19 to 32.
Najashi stood up for Allah’s words and said: Certainly this and what Jesus had brought come out of one source. He turned to the Makkan delegates and said angrily: I won’t hand them to you and I’ll defend them. Then he ordered his courtier to dismiss the delegation and to return their gifts to them. He then turned to Jafar and his group and said: “You’re welcome; Your Prophet is welcome. I admit that he is the Apostle about whom Jesus had given good news. Live wherever you like in my country.”
The pagan delegation returned to Makkah with their gifts in despair.
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) after the Hudaibiyah Treaty, sent letters to leading kings and rulers of the region inviting them to Islam. Amr bin Umayyah Dhimri was delegated to the court of Habesha. King Najashi received the letter with great honor, touched it with his eyes and read it. He came down from the throne and sat on the ground to show his humbleness and high respect for the Prophet of Allah. Later he asked the letter to be preserved in an ivory casket. 

The king wrote back saying”...I testify that you are the Messenger of Allah, true and confirming those before you. I have given my allegiance to you and to your brother (i.e. Jafar) and I have surrendered myself through him to the Lord of the Worlds.”
Muslim emigrants returned with Jafar to Madinah when the Prophet (peace be upon him) conquered Khyber. They thanked King Najashi for his good protection and hospitality provided to them. When King Najashi expired the Prophet (peace be upon him) offered his funeral prayer in absentia, in Madinah. He is buried at a place called Najash in Ethiopia.

n The writer is the author of several books on Islam.







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Could work emails be banned after 6pm?

Could work emails be banned after 6pm?

By Tom de CastellaBBC News Magazine


In today's Magazine
A shark cull divides a nation
What's lurking inside the Bank of England's vaults?
A rusting revolutionary hero
A watch for blind people

France has brought in rules to protect employees from work email disturbing them outside office hours. Would a law to this effect be feasible elsewhere?

You're reclining on the beach admiring the surf when your phone goes beep. You've got mail. From your boss.

In many jobs, work email doesn't stop when the employee leaves the office. And now France has decided to act. It has introduced rules to protect about a million people working in the digital and consultancy sectors from work email outside office hours. Those are taken to be before 9am and after 6pm. The deal signed between employers federations and unions says that employees will have to switch off work phones and avoid looking at work email, while firms cannot pressure staff to check messages.

Michel de La Force, chairman of the General Confederation of Managers, has said that "digital working time" would have to be measured. Some emailing outside of office hours would be allowed but only in "exceptional circumstances".

France has a 35-hour week, adopted in 1998. But the French are not alone in worrying about how portable devices have exposed employees to longer hours.
French workers protest in the streets of Paris in March 2014

In December 2011, Volkswagen announced that servers would stop sending emails 30 minutes after the end of employees' shifts, and onlystart again half an hour before the person returned to work. Their move was followed by Germany's labour ministry.

In the UK there is protection for many types of worker in the form of the Working Time Regulations, but the TUC argues this simply doesn't cover out-of-hours email. And there are exemptions for categories of worker like lawyers and doctors.
UK working hours

Employers can't force adults to work more than 48 hours a week - normally averaged over 17 weeks.

Exceptions apply:
Where the working time is not measured and the worker is in control - eg managing executives
In the armed forces, emergency services and police - in some circumstances
In security and surveillance
As a domestic servant in a private household
Where 24-hour staffing is required
Certain categories of seafarers, sea-fishermen and workers on vessels on inland waterways

Workers can opt out of the 48-hour week.
More from GOV.UK

If an out-of-hours email ban was brought in, the situation could be similar and not everybody would be protected, says Andrew Lilley, an employment lawyer and managing partner at law firm Travers Smith. "I imagine many jobs would be exempt, a bit like some of the exemptions in the Working Time Regulations."

Disruptive email is mainly a white-collar problem. It goes with the territory for certain jobs, such as lawyer or financier, where staff are managing their own time. But others further down the hierarchy working on fixed hours contracts are perhaps also in need of protection.

Technology has redrawn the working day. Woody Allen's 1972 film Play It Again Sam contains a running gag about a workaholic businessman. Played by Tony Roberts he begins every scene by phoning the office to give the telephone number where he can be reached and for how long, followed by the next contact number. He was the exception - workers used to be able to disappear. Today anyone with a smartphone is usually reachable.

Open all hours in the US

An advertising professional who moved from London to New York describes a different email culture.

"I remember on my second day seeing an email from a work colleague sent very late that evening. To my surprise someone replied to it, and then the interaction continued online. And lo and behold we 'were working'. By contrast, in the UK, if I worked late I would often draft emails but save them in my inbox and send them first thing the next morning. That now seems ridiculous and archaic to me. Emails are constant here. It's not that they expect you to answer out of office hours. More that everyone is 'switched on' all the time - that's the culture and pace of New York. I never really heard the concept of work/life balance when I got to the US. There wasn't much complaining as people's expectations were different. It's not just in the corporate world. When my family were moving here and trying to get an apartment I remember being surprised and delighted that our realtor was calling and emailing us late on a Saturday night."

Michael Reid, an IT teacher at a Liverpool comprehensive, says his evenings are regularly interrupted. "An email arrives at 11.45pm and you know a colleague is working late and you want to support them." When he sees it in his inbox he is "crestfallen", he says. "It takes the joy out of what you are doing."

An advertising consultant in London, who wants to remain anonymous, says she is expected to respond to emails. Many come through between 18:00 and 22:00. "Needless to say not all emails require an immediate response though if I'm to tell which do and don't, I do need to check them." Requests for information she accepts as part of the job. Others - "can I remind you of X" or invitations to meetings with no context - drive her "nuts", she says. She now switches her phone off when she goes to bed to ensure an uninterrupted night's sleep.

Enforcing an email ban would be almost impossible, argues Alief Rezza, an oil analyst in Stavanger, Norway. He checks email every half hour when he leaves work at 16:30 until 19:00. The stock market is still open and he might get an urgent message from colleagues in London. When he wakes he checks to see if colleagues in the US or Singapore have been in touch. "I don't think a ban would work. If Norway bans my company from sending emails to me then my company needs to make sure someone is able to cover the request that should have been in my inbox." The industry would find a way around it, he argues.


Like many other lawyers, Lilley checks work email every hour or so during the evening and the same on holiday. In the days before smartphones he would receive phone calls. An email is less intrusive, he argues. "The ability to be contactable on email means that a lot of people leave the office earlier than otherwise would be the case." It can be inconvenient of course. "You can't deny there are occasions where you think I'd prefer to finish what I'm doing. I've had to stop working out in the gym to reply to a work email." But if you want to do a certain kind of legal work you have to be willing to be interrupted, he argues. And there is reassurance in knowing that colleagues can get hold of you to check crucial details.

More from the Magazine


In the office we shop, email friends and go to the gym - the only thing we don't do much of is work. Meanwhile, at home we do our work email, take part in conference calls, write reports and have our best ideas, says Lucy Kellaway.
Why did offices become like the home?

Paul Sellers, TUC policy adviser, says the same problem that France is seeking to address exists in the UK. He says people in the law, media, finance and local government are not being allowed to switch off. "Why are we expecting people to work at 8.30 at night?" The Working Time Regulations were drawn up in the 1990s before mobile phones were in wide circulation. The rules have not caught up.

NHS workers are paid to be on call even if they end up not working. "If you're not being paid you're not being valued," Sellers says.

But another view is that leisure and work now increasingly blend into one. The new reality is that people in many creative jobs now combine holidays and working, Financial Times columnist Lucy Kellaway has argued.

A ban on email is not the answer, argues Ksenia Zheltoukhova, research associate at the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. It could even hurt workers who increasingly require flexible working - keeping in touch on trains, emailing between time zones and leaving early to look after the children. A better approach is to educate managers about work-life balance and encourage them to prioritise.

For some employees, the problem is not the email itself, but the collateral damage to loved ones. "For me out of hours emails go with the territory," says the advertising consultant. "But my partner does mind." Lilley once thought he'd perfected the discreet glance at the phone during dinner. Now he's not so sure. "I suspect you're more distracted in company than you think you are. It can be very irritating to people around you."




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08 April, 2014

Gudida Wanaag-Farista Iyo Xumaarn-Reebista S/Land Oo Doortay Gudoomiye Iyo Ku-Xigeen Cusub Ka Dib Markay Xilka Ka Qaadeen Gudoomiyahoodii Hore


Gudida Wanaag-Farista Iyo Xumaarn-Reebista S/Land Oo Doortay Gudoomiye Iyo Ku-Xigeen Cusub Ka Dib Markay Xilka Ka Qaadeen Gudoomiyahoodii Hore






Hargeisa--Gudida ama Golaha wanaag farista iyo xumaan reebista Somaliland ayaa maanta doortay gudoomiye iyo gudoomiye ku xigeen cusub ka dib markii ay todobaadkii hore xilka Gudoomiyenimo ka qaadeen gudoomiyihii hore Sh.Maxamed X.Maxamuud Xiiray ka dib markii uu keenay meselo diimeed khilaaf iyo muran ka dhex curisay isaga iyo Gudida.

Gudoomiyahii hore ee golaha wanaag-farista iyo xumaan reebista Sh.Maxamed X.Maxamuud Xiiray ayaa todobaadkii hore waraysi uu siiyey wargeyska Haatuf ku sheegay in magta raga iyo dumarka siman yihiin.

Golaha wanaag-farista ayaa Gudoomiye u doortay maanta Sh.Cabdiraxmaan Maxamed Cabdalla,Gudoomiye ku xigeena waxay u doorteen Xaaji Cawil Xuseen.

Geesta kalena waxay wararku sheegayaan munaasibada doorashada inaanu ka soo xaadirin gudoomiyihii hore ee ay xilka ka qaadeen Sh.maxamed Xaaji maxamuud Xiiray.

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06 April, 2014

Rwanda genocide anniversary: Mass ahead of commemorations

Rwanda genocide anniversary: Mass ahead of commemorations
The
Rwanda: Haunted Nation
A good man in Rwanda
Death of an exile
Will Hutus return?
Genocide hunters

Hundreds of people have attended a Mass in the Rwandan capital ahead of a week of official mourning to mark the 20th anniversary of the country's genocide.

But a diplomatic row has seen France pull out of the commemorative events.

The Mass at Sainte-Famille Catholic church in Kigali remembered those who died in the church itself or elsewhere in the country.

At least 800,000 people - mostly ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutus - died at the hands of Hutu extremists in 1994.

Most of the victims of the genocide were attacked with machetes during 100 days of slaughter that began on 6 April 1994, shortly after Hutu President Juvenal Habyarimana was killed when his plane was shot down over the Rwandan capital.

Some Christian leaders were implicated in the violence.



BBC Africa's Kassim Kayira explains the events that shook Rwanda in 1994

A genocide survivor who attended the Mass, Innocent Muhozi, said: "Today's Mass was about resurrection and I believe that one day, the souls of the people we lost will resurrect.

"This church has a very long history because many people died in it during genocide but some also survived it because they were in this church."

Pope Francis, in his weekly address to the faithful at St Peter's Square in the Vatican, spoke of the anniversary.

"On this occasion I would like to express my paternal closeness to the people of Rwanda, encouraging them to continue with determination and hope, the process of reconciliation that has already manifested its fruits, and the commitment of human and spiritual reconstruction of the country," the head of the Catholic Church said.

The killings in Rwanda ended in July 1994 when the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), a Tutsi-led rebel movement that entered the country from from Uganda, marched on Kigali and seized control of the country.

France pulls out

The French government announced it was pulling out of the 20th anniversary commemorations following an accusation by Rwandan President Paul Kagame - who led the RPF to victory - that France had participated in the mass killings.
Kagame reportedly said France had a "direct role" in the "political preparation for genocide"

In an interview with the French-language weekly news magazine Jeune Afrique, Mr Kagame denounced the "direct role of Belgium and France in the political preparation for the genocide".

French Justice Minister Christiane Taubira cancelled her plans to attend the events in Kigali on Monday following the remarks.

The French foreign ministry said Mr Kagame's comments went against reconciliation efforts between the two countries.

Rwanda responded by accusing the French government of overreacting.

"For our two countries to really start getting along, we will have to face the truth. The truth is difficult, the truth of being close to anybody who is associated with genocide understandably is a very difficult truth to accept," Rwandan Foreign Minister Louise Mushikiwabo said.

Mr Kagame's party still controls the government and has long accused France - an ally of Mr Habyarimana's government at the time - of aiding the genocide.
Rwanda's government has long accused France - an ally of the previous regime - of aiding the genocide

In recent years there has been a thaw in relations between the two countries, with a visit by Mr Kagame to Paris in 2011 and the establishment by France of a genocide investigation unit.

Last month, a Paris court sentenced former Rwandan spy chief Pascal Simbikangwa to 25 years in jail for his role in the genocide - the first such conviction in France.

France has acknowledged that serious errors were made during the genocide in Rwanda.

A Rwandan commission in 2008 said France was aware of preparations for the genocide and helped train ethnic Hutu militias who participated in killings.

Paris said its forces had helped protect civilians as part of a UN-mandated intervention in Rwanda. But Mr Kagame said French troops had protected the militias carrying out the killings.




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Nigeria becomes Africa's biggest economy

Nigeria becomes Africa's biggest economy
The mobile phone industry is now massive in Nigeria - 25 years ago, it did not exist

Nigeria - Troubled Giant
Where’s the money?
Viewpoints on 100 years
Bad luck party?
Booming illegal oil refineries

Nigeria has "rebased" its gross domestic product (GDP) data, which has pushed it above South Africa as the continent's biggest economy.

Nigerian GDP now includes previously uncounted industries like telecoms, information technology, music, online sales, airlines, and film production.

GDP for 2013 totalled 80.3 trillion naira (£307.6bn: $509.9bn), the Nigerian statistics office said.

That compares with South Africa's GDP of $370.3bn at the end of 2013.

'Changes nothing'

However, some economists point out that Nigeria's economic output is underperforming because at 170 million people, its population is three times larger than South Africa's.

On a per-capita basis, South Africa's GDP numbers are three times larger than Nigeria's.

Economies are dynamic things; they grow, they shrink, they add new sectors and technologies and people's behaviours change”
What is 'rebasing'?

And Nigerian financial analyst Bismarck Rewane called the revisions "a vanity".

He added: "The Nigerian population is not better off tomorrow because of that announcement. It doesn't put more money in the bank, more food in their stomach. It changes nothing."

Rebasing is carried out so that a nation's GDP statistics give the most up-to-date picture of an economy as possible.

Most countries do it at least every three years or so, but Nigeria had not updated the components in its GDP base year since 1990.

Then, the country had one telecoms operator with around 300,000 phone lines. Now it has a whole mobile phone industry with tens of millions of subscribers.

Likewise, 24 years ago there was only one airline, and now there are many.

International aid donors are keen for more African countries to undertake this process regularly because it enables them to make better decisions when it comes to aid.


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