30 August, 2014

War-saxaafedeed ku qoran laba luuqadood oo ay wadajir u soo saareen Wakiilada Somalia ee UN-ka,Maraykanka Iyo EU-da oo sheegay in Somaliland ciidamadeeda kala baxdo Saax-dheer (Sool).

War-saxaafedeed ku qoran laba luuqadood oo ay wadajir u soo saareen Wakiilada Somalia ee UN-ka,Maraykanka Iyo EU-da oo sheegay in Somaliland ciidamadeeda kala baxdo Saax-dheer (Sool).


War-saxaafedeed ku qoran laba luuqadood oo ay wadajir u soo saareen Wakiilada Somalia ee UN-ka,Maraykanka Iyo EU-da oo sheegay in Somaliland ciidamadeeda kala baxdo Sool & Saax-dheer.

Nairobi-(Qaran-news)-Warsaxaafadeed ay si wadajira u soo saareen Wakiilada Somalia ee UN-ka,EU-da iyo Maraykanka oo ku qoran laba luuqadood oo soo gaadhay website-ka Qarannews ayaa u dhigan sidatan:-

U.S. Special Representative for Somalia, UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia, and EU Ambassador to Somalia Appeal for All Armed Forces to Withdraw from Saaxdheer, Sool

August 29, 2014

United States Representative for Somalia James P. McAnulty, UN Special Representative for Somalia Nicholas Kay and European Union Ambassador Michele Cervone d’Urso express profound concern about the deployment of armed forces and the resultant conflict within Saaxdheer, Sool Region.



We call for the immediate withdrawal of forces from Saaxdheer, and the immediate release of all prisoners. We urge all parties to refrain from violence and make concerted efforts to de-escalate and resolve differences through peaceful means and dialogue. All parties should make immediate efforts to demonstrate genuine willingness to create the conditions necessary for long-term and durable stability in the region.



The U.S. Special Representative, the UN Special Representative and the EU Ambassador urge all parties in the affected region to engage peacefully and find constructive ways to address jointly the drivers of conflict. They express their commitment to help all parties to seek compromise and work toward durable peace and stability in the region.



Wakiilka Dowladda Mareykanka u Qaabilsan Soomaaliya, Ergayga Gaarka ah ee Xogahayaha Guud ee Qaramada Midoobay u Qaabilsan Soomaaliya iyo Safiirka Midowga Yurub ee Soomaaliya ayaa ka Codsaday dhammaan Ciidamada Hubaysan in ay ka Baxaan Saaxdheer ee gobolka Sool

August 29, 2014

Wakiilka dowladda Mareykanka u qaabilsan Soomaaliya James P. McAnulty, Ergayga gaarka ee Qaramada Midoobay u qaabilsan Soomaaliya Nicholas Kay iyo Safiirka Midowga Yurub u qaabilsan Soomaaliya Michel Cervoned’Urso ayaa walaac weyn ka muujiyey ciidamada hubaysan ee la geeyey Saaxdheer gobolka Sool iyo khilaafka ka dhashay.

“Waxaan ku baaqeynaa in si degdeg ah dib looga saaro ciidamada hubaysan Saaxdheer, iyo in si degdeg ah loo sii daayo maxaabiista la haysto. Waxaan ku boorineynaa dhammaan qaybaha in ay ka waantoobaan rabshado iyo in ay sameeyaan dedaal wadajir ah si loo dajiyo, looguna xalliyo khilaafka nidaam wadahadal oo nabadeed. Dhammaan qaybaha waa in ay si degdeg ah u sameeyaan dedaalo muujinayo doonis dhab oo ku aadan abuuritaanka xaalad muhiim u ah daganaansho waarto oo ka dhacda gobolka.”

Wakiilka gaarka ah ee dowladda Mareykanka, Ergayga gaarka ah ee Qaramada Midoobay iyo safiirka Midowga Yurub waxa ay ku boorinayaan maamulka Soomaaliland iyo dadka dagan gobolka xaaladahaan ay saameynta ku yeesheen in ay isku howlaan waddo nabadeed oo wax dhisaysa si qaab wadajir ah meesha looga saaro khilaafka. Waxay muujinayaan sida ay uga go’an tahay in ay gacan ka siiyaan dhammaan qaybaha in ay raadiyaan xeer-jajab iyo in laga shaqeeyo nabad iyo daganaansho waara oo ka hirgasha gobolka.



###


Delegation of the European Union to Somalia

P.O. Box 45119 Nairobi | Insurance House, Ragati Road, Upper Hill

Tel.: +254 (0)20 280 2000

Email:DELEGATION-SOMALIA@eeas.europa.eu
Twitter:@SomaliaEU | Flickr:EUSomalia | Youtube:EU SOMALIA

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28 August, 2014

Blood woes in Burundi


Blood woes in Burundi

BUJUMBURA, 27 August 2014 (IRIN) - Budget cuts and bureaucracy have been blamed for blood shortages which have claimed several lives in Burundi and led to calls for an overhaul of the transfusion system.


"One woman died during a Caesarean operation in Bujumbura, another died in Gitega, in the centre of the country, while a third patient died in Ngozi in the north of Burundi," said Moise Ntiburuburyo, who heads the Association for the Defence of Patient Rights.


A shortage of bags has left many hospitals across the country with severe shortages of blood in recent weeks, leading, according to Ntiburuburyo, to scheduled operations being delayed.



The head of the National Blood Transfusion Centre (CNTS), Gilbert Nduwayo, told IRIN the Centre had received some 1,500 blood bags since the weekend, allowing his teams to go out and collect blood in different parts of the country.



Although the problem was not yet over, the situation was under control, he said.



Gilbert attributed the shortage to insufficient funding and to the procedures he was required to follow to procure blood bags which can take up to two months to complete.



CNTS, the only organization authorized to collect blood in Burundi, needs an annual 1.2 billion francs (US$775,000) to work properly but only gets 575 million ($370,000), he said.


Mélance Hakizimana, the head of SYNAPA, a medical workers union, described the shortage as a "scandal" and called for "urgent investigations" into the crisis.



CNTS has not been working normally for the past five months, she said, calling for its budget to be beefed up.


"How can it be that the CNTS complains of having no vehicles for blood collection while some senior [health] ministry officials have just procured new vehicles and continue to collect mileage allowances of up to 500,000 francs ($322) when the CNTS has no blood bags which cost 2,500 francs ($1.6)?" she said.



At the start of 2014, the CNTS budget was cut by 50 million francs, badly affecting operations even after this amount was restored mid-year, Nduwayo explained.



The Centre needs to collect some 16,000 bags of blood to meet needs for the rest of the year, he said.



Ntiburuburyo, the patients' rights advocate, said patients would be better served if the capacity of blood banks were increased and the process of taking blood automated.



With such a system blood can be collected from 10 people in a couple of minutes and then very quickly tested, compared to the current method where it takes 15 minutes to draw blood from a single donor, he explained.



dn/am/cb[END]

26 August, 2014

Former Egyptian minister dismisses Abbas' remarks about the Sinai Monday, 25 August 2014 14:02


Former Egyptian minister dismisses Abbas' remarks about the Sinai
Monday, 25 August 2014 14:02

Mahmoud Abbas
'Mahmoud Abbas [Pictured above] has reiterated on more than one occasion, the last of which was on the 23 August, lies about an alleged promise made by President Dr Muhammad Morsi to grant the Gaza Strip a part of the territories of the Sinai Peninsula'
 cabinet responded to remarks made by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas referring to the annexation of parts of Sinai to the Gaza Strip by President Muhammad Morsi.
Yahya Hamid said: "Mahmoud Abbas has reiterated on more than one occasion, the last of which was on the 23 August, lies about an alleged promise made by President Dr Muhammad Morsi to grant the Gaza Strip a part of the territories of the Sinai Peninsula". He added: "What matters to us is to affirm that everything Abbas has said about this matter is nothing but fabrications and hallucinations. It would seem that his motive from repeating these allegations is nothing but flattering his master the coup leader in Egypt and his corrupt followers."
In a blatant attack on Abbas, Hamid said: "The national territory is the property of the Egyptians. It does not belong to one particular individual who may dispose of it. We would sacrifice our souls for it. We are not the ones who sit with our enemy inside closed chambers while our people are being bombarded day and night."
He added: "Reiterating these lies only emanates from political and moral decline and a desperate attempt to support a repressive regime. This is as laughable as the joke of renting the pyramids, selling the Suez Canal and other such nonsense the coup media have been propagating only for the Egyptian people to discover that the person who engaged in such things was none other than the coup leader himself and his followers who do not care about religion or honour."
Hamid said that "President Muhammad Morsi did not and will not compromise what the Egyptian people entrusted him with. He is the one who, through his steadfastness, is defending the right of the Egyptian people to freedom and independence. It is most catastrophic that we see many of the ruling regimes in our countries are headed by liars who sold the blood of their people and compromised their causes."
Source: Arabi21
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SIGNS OF THE TIMES, THE END TIMES

Signs of the times, the End Times
red-judgD

The Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) foretold 72 signs that would appear near the Day of Doom:
1. People will leave prayer
2. People will usurp Ama’naat
3. Lying will become an art
4. There will be murders on the slightest of disagreements
5. Interest will become common
6. There will be very tall buildings
7. People will sell Religion for the world
8. People will treat relatives badly
9. Justice will become a rarity
10. Lies will be considered truth
11. Clothes will be of silk
12. Persecution will become common
13. Divorces will become common
14. Sudden deaths will increase
15. The usurper of Ama’naat will be considered honest and honourable
16. The keeper of Am’naat will be called an usurper of things given to him for safekeeping
17. Liars will be thought of as honest
18. Honest people will be thought of as liars
19. False accusations will become the norm
20. It will be hot in spite of rain
21. Instead of wishing for children, people will pray that they not have children
22. People from bad backgrounds and with bad upbringing will live a life of luxury(material, not peaceful)
23. Good people, when they try to practice, will be cut off from the world
24. Previously good people will also usurp Ama’naat
25. Leaders will become persecutors
26. Ulema and Qaris will commit adultery
27. People will wear clothes of animal skin
28. But their hearts will smell and will be dead
29. And will be bitter
30. Gold will become common
31. Demand for Silver will increase
32. Sin will increase
33. Peace will become rare
34. Ayaats from the Quran will be decorated and calligraphy will become common
35. Mosques will be decorated
36. And will have tall minars
37. But hearts will be empty
38. Alcoholic drinks will be consumed more than ever
39. Punishments ordered by the Shariah will be revoked and will no longer be implemented
40. Women will order their mothers around
41. People who are with naked feet, naked bodies and against religion will become kings
42. Women will trade along with men
43. Women will imitate men
44. Men will imitate women
45. People will swear by things other than Allah and the Quran
46. Even Muslims will be prepared to give false testimony, without being incited to it
47. Only people one knows will be greetedwith the salaam
48. The knowledge of the shariah will be used to earn worldly things
49. Acts which earn the Akhirah, will be used to earn the world
50. Assets belonging to the nation will be considered and treated as personal treasures by the rulers
51. Ama’naat will be considered ones personal asset
52. Zakaat will be considered a burden
53. The lowest and the worst man in the nation will become its leader
54. People will not obey their fathers
55. And will mistreat their mothers
56. And will not hold back from harming their friends
57. And will obey their wives
58. And the voices of men who commit adultery will be raised in mosques
59. Women who sing will be treated with great deference
60. Instruments of music will be kept with great care
61. Alcohol will be drunk on the highways
62. People will be proud of their acts of persecution
63. Justice will be sold in the courts
64. The number of men in the police force will increase
65. Instead of music, the Quran will be used to gain pleasure for its tune and style (qirat), not for what it preaches, its meaning or for rewards in the Akhirah
66. Animal fur will be used for clothes
67. The last of the Ummat will curse thosebefore them. (clearly seen today in peoplewho call the Prophet’s companion’s names)
68. Either Allah will send a Red Storm upon you
69. Or Earthquakes
70. Or your faces will be changed
71. Or a rain of rocks from the skies. Asteroids, Meteors
72. Lies will become a habit of the rulers and the rich
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) also said:
1. Alcohol will be called Sherbat, and will be considered Halal
2. Interest will be called Trade, and will be considered Halal
3. Bribes will be called Gifts, and will be considered Halal
4. Women will have hair, like the hump of a camel. (This is the fashion of people today, yet they do not realise they will neither enter Paradise nor even smell its fragrance.)
5. Women will be naked in spite of wearing dresses. (This Hadith has baffled the Ulema for a very long time until now)The 3 kind of naked women are:(1) Those who wear see-through dresses(2) Those who wear tight dresses and(3) Those whose dresses are so short,thatthey expose the body
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24 August, 2014

Nairobi:- THE chewing of miraa will be restricted to five hours a day if the national anti-drug body has its way.



Nairobi:- THE chewing of miraa will be restricted to five hours a day if the national anti-drug body has its way.


National Campaign Against Drug Abuse Authority director Mohamed Fazul has said they are in the process of drafting a law that seeks to regulate the chewing of the mild narcotic also known as khat.
He did not say how the law will be enforced.
According to Fazul, Nacada proposes that miraa chewing is restricted to between 5pm and 10pm.
“It is a drug with two active ingredients – cathine and cathinone,” said Fazul. “We are drafting a law to regulate its usage and consumption.”
He was speaking in a phone interview with the Star.
Reacting to the proposal, Nyambene Miraa Traders’ Association spokesman Kimanthi Munjuri said: “To seek to know who exactly is chewing miraa and at what time is not a problem as such. Even where miraa comes from, it is controlled. There is an unwritten rule in Meru, set by the council of elders, that chewing of miraa among the youths is not allowed before you are circumcised…also it is frowned upon when women chew miraa in this region.”
He welcomed Nacada’s proposal to regulate miraa use.
“Chewing miraa should be controlled. Our current problems [the ban of the miraa trade in the Western nations, most recently the UK] was brought about by lack of control, where people mostly of Somali origin used to chew miraa for days in the UK and then later complain that it is harming them health-wise,” Munjuri said.
“Everybody suffering from all manner of situations and drug abuse hides behind miraa. You find someone taking only one bundle the whole night, during which he adds consumption of other drugs like bhang, and then, because miraa is the one they are seen chewing or holding, their obviously visible drugged state is blamed on miraa,” he said.
Munjuri said the only recommendation they have for Nacada is to have the chewing time set for between 2pm to midnight and not between 5pm and 10pm as he had proposed.
But Changamwe MP Omar Mwinyi, who has intensified his campaign against the drug in his constituency, said restricting the sale and consumption of miraa is not enough.
He said miraa destroys families, especially in the Muslim community, and also eats into the economy.
“This should not be about regulation. It is supposed to be banned,” said Mwinyi on the phone.
Council of Imams and Preachers of Kenya organising secretary Sheikh Mohamed Khalifa yesterday supported Mwinyi’s sentiments that the drug should be banned.
He said there is no need to regulate the sale and consumption of a drug “that has no benefit to the society”.

Source: The Star




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Guaranteeing accountability

Guaranteeing accountability

The current political impasse created by the unconstitutional demands of PTI and PAT has not only adversely affected the economy but is also having an impact on the day to day lives of the citizens of Islamabad. It is hoped that some sense will eventually prevail. However, a very bad precedent is being set by the two parties in trying to change government through dharnas. What if all party heads decide to bring their respective supporters in front of parliament in support of the present democratic setup? I am sure they can manage many more supporters than the PAT and PTI.

Notwithstanding the above, there is a dire need to address some of the genuine issues like irregularities in the last election, an across the board accountability of all those involved in rigging and establishment of an independent Election Commission. At the moment there is a serious trust deficit between the protesters and the government. A guarantor is therefore required to ensure all these take place at the earliest.

Cdre (r) Sajjad Ali Shah Bokhari
http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-11-268873-Guaranteeing-accountability
Islamabad





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Seeking Accountability for Gaza


OpEdNews Op Eds 8/23/2014 at 16:21:14
Seeking Accountability for Gaza

By Marjorie Cohn (about the author) Permalink (Page 1 of 2 pages)
Related Topic(s): Accountability; Gaza Invasion; ICC; Palestinian; Prosecution, Add Tags Add to My Group(s)

The Israeli government has cited rocket fire from Gaza as justification for its bombardment and assault on the narrow strip of land holding some 1.8 million Palestinians.
(image by
(Graphic from Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's Facebook page))




The National Lawyers Guild (NLG), Center for Constitutional Rights, International Association of Democratic Lawyers, Arab Lawyers Union, and American Association of Jurists (Asociacion Americana de Juristas) sent a letter on Friday to Fatou Bensouda, Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), urging her to initiate an investigation of war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity committed by Israeli leaders and aided and abetted by U.S. officials in Gaza. Under the Rome Statute, the ICC has the power to hold individuals criminally accountable for the most serious of crimes.

"In light of the extreme gravity of the situation in the occupied Gaza Strip, in particular the large number of civilian casualties and large scale destruction of civilian property, including schools, mosques and hospitals, and the ongoing incitement to genocide perpetrated by Israeli political figures and leaders, the [NLG] and endorsing organizations strongly urge the Office of the Prosecutor to use its power under Article 15 of the Rome Statute to initiate a preliminary investigation" of crimes within the ICC's jurisdiction.
"[Under the Rome Statute, an] individual can be convicted of a war crime, genocide or a crime against humanity . . . if he or she 'aids, abets or otherwise assists' in the commission or attempted commission of the crime, 'including providing the means for its commission,'" the letter reads.


"By transferring financial assistance, weapons and other military aid to Israel, members of the U.S. Congress, President Barack Obama and Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel have aided and abetted the commission of war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity by Israeli officials and commanders in Gaza."

The letter states that on July 20, in the midst of criminal behavior, Israel requested, and the U.S. Defense Department then authorized, the transfer to Israel of ammunition from the War Reserve Stockpile Ammunition. And in August 2014, Congress overwhelmingly approved, and Obama signed, a $225 million payment for Israel's Iron Dome missile defense system.

"Israel's clearly disproportionate use of force against the 1.8 million residents of Gaza appears to have little to do with any claim of security," the organizations wrote, "but seems to be calculated to exact revenge against Palestinian civilians." The letter quotes statements of Israeli officials advocating vengeance against "the entire Palestinian people "and "calling for the internment of Palestinians in concentration camps in Sinai and the destruction of the civilian infrastructure in Gaza."




Allegations of War Crimes

The letter lists the following war crimes, and cites supporting factual allegations for each crime:

-willful killing (over 2,000 Palestinians, 80 percent civilians)

-willfully causing great suffering or serious injury (wounding nearly 10,000 Palestinians, 2,200 children)

-unlawful, wanton and unjustified extensive destruction and appropriation of property (tens of thousands of Palestinians lost homes, severe damage to infrastructure)

-willful deprivation of fair trial rights (450 Palestinians held without charge or trial); -intentional attacks against civilians or civilian objects or humanitarian vehicles, installations and personnel(bombing of numerous schools, UN places of refuge, hospitals, ambulances, mosques)

-intentionally launching unjustified attacks, knowing they will kill or injure civilians, damage civilian objects, or cause long-term and severe damage to the natural environment (use of 'Dahiya Doctrine' to apply "disproportionate force" and cause "great damage and destruction to civilian property and infrastructure, and suffering to civilian populations," as defined in UN Human Rights Council [Goldstone] Report). Israel virtually flattened the town of Khuza'a.

Allegations of Genocide

Article 6 of the Rome Statute defines "genocide" as the commission of any of the following acts with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group: (a) killing members of the group; (b) causing serious bodily harm to members of the group; or (c) deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its destruction in whole or in part.

The letter says, "In light of the fact that Palestinians in Gaza had no ability to flee for safety, it must be assumed the responsible Israeli officials knew that huge casualties and destruction of civilian property and infrastructure were certain during the massive bombardment by land, air and sea of the occupied Gaza Strip."


The letter also lists "the repeatedly inciting public statements made by Israeli officials before and during the course of Operation Protective Edge and the history of Israel's repeated bombardment of Palestinian refugee camps and populations in Lebanon and in Gaza" as evidence that "Israeli officials may be implementing a plan to destroy the Palestinian population, at least in part."

Allegations of Crimes against Humanity

Article 7 of the Rome Statute defines "crimes against humanity" as the commission of any of the following, when part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack: (a) Murder; (b) Persecution against a group or collectivity based on its political, racial, national, ethnic or religious character; or (c) The crime of apartheid (inhumane acts committed in the context of an institutional regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial group over another racial group, with the intent to maintain that regime).

The letter states, "Israeli forces have killed, wounded, summarily executed and administratively detained Palestinians, Hamas forces and civilians alike. Israeli forces intentionally destroyed the infrastructure in Gaza." It also says Israel keeps Palestinians caged in "the world's largest open air prison," and "controls all ingress and egress to Gaza, and limits " access to medicine and other essentials."

Finally, the letter cites arbitrary arrest and administrative detention; expropriation of property; destruction of homes, crops and trees; separate areas and roads; segregated housing, legal and educational systems for Palestinians and Jews; the illegal barrier wall encroaching on Palestinian territory; hundreds of illegal Jewish settlements on Palestinian land; and denying the right of Palestinians to return to their homeland because they are not Jews.

The signatories to the letter conclude that "[t]he initiation of an investigation would send a clear message to all involved either in committing or in aiding and abetting of the aforementioned crimes that they stand to be held personally accountable for their actions."




It remains to be seen whether the ICC will exercise jurisdiction in such a case since neither Israel nor the United States is a party to the Rome Statute. But if the ICC determines that Palestine can accede to the Rome Statute, the ICC could take jurisdiction over crimes committed by Israelis and Americans in Palestinian territory.

http://www.marjoriecohn.com
Marjorie Cohn is a professor at Thomas Jefferson School of Law and immediate past president of the National Lawyers Guild. She is author of 'The United States and Torture: Interrogation, Incarceration, and Abuse, and
Cowboy Republic: Six Ways the Bush Gang Has Defied the Law and co-author of Rules of Disengagement: The Politics and Honor of Military Dissent. Her anthology, The United States and Torture: Interrogation, Incarceration and Abuse. Her articles are archived atwww.marjoriecohn.com.

http://www.opednews.com/articles/Seeking-Accountability-for-by-Marjorie-Cohn-Accountability_Gaza-Invasion_ICC_Palestinian-140823-656.html

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21 August, 2014

Al-Zahar: Comparing Hamas with Islamic State 'a deception'

Al-Zahar: Comparing Hamas with Islamic State 'a deception'
'Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu making a connection between Hamas and the Islamic State is a deception, which aims to incite the world against Hamas...Hamas is a national resistance movement and its aim is to liberate Palestine'
Hamas's senior leader Mahmoud Al-Zahar said on Wednesday that comparing Hamas with the Islamic State is "a deception" that aims to "incite" the world against the Palestinian resistance movement, Egypt's Al-Mesryoon newspaper reported on Wednesday.
The newspaper quoted a statement by Al-Zahar that was broadcast by Al-Aqsa, a television channel close to Hamas, as saying: "Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu making a connection between Hamas and the Islamic State is a deception, which aims to incite the world against Hamas."
Al-Zahar explained: "Hamas is a national resistance movement and its aim is to liberate Palestine."
He affirmed that his movement defends the interests of its people, who have been under a brutal Israeli occupation for decades in addition to the eight-year-long siege of the Gaza Strip, preventing Palestinians in Gaza access to basic needs like food, medicine, electricity and free movement.
During a press conference earlier on Wednesday, Netanyahu had made the claim that, "Hamas is similar to the Islamic State."
On Tuesday, a 24-hour truce extension was broken and Israel's attacks against the Gaza Strip resumed. Some hours before the end of the truce, the Israeli occupation claimed that rockets were fired from Gaza towards Israel and, thus, it responded with more airstrikes.
The number of Palestinians who have been killed since the beginning of Israel's latest war on Gaza, launched on 7 July, has now reached 2,068, with more than 10,250 wounded.


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تقرير كارثى يفضح حالات الإغتصاب فى سجون العسكر إحدى الفتيات تم اغتصابها ...

20 August, 2014

Towards an African Theory of Democracy


Towards an African Theory of Democracy


This paper argues that there is a general absence of democratic theory in African political scholarship in terms of providing the underlying principles, meaning, canons and criteria of democracy in African culture. The paper exposes the conceptual errors implicit in the conflation of democracy as a concept and as practiced in different political systems. Consequently, it contends that an eclectic appraisal of our indigenous democratic values and practices as well as democratic ideas from other cultural traditions can provide a resonant African theory of democracy. The paper concludes that eclecticism is consociational in principle, and can help solve many of the contemporary socio-political problems besetting current democratic experiences in Africa.

According to Moshi and Osman, liberal ‘democracy failed in many parts of Africa mainly because the Western political parties aggregate primarily along class interests, whereas in Africa an established class system is mainly absent. Thus contemporary Western insistence on multiparty politics’ does not consider indigenous cultural values, which makes multiparty electoral politics to degenerate into ethnic or communal conflicts. Moreover, in view of Africa’s complex problems, where because of lack of a consensual norm on democracy coupled with insufficient political pressure from the African society, political regimes tend to pay less attention to elite abuse, fears of majoritarian tyranny and corruption prevail. Therefore like Wambia dia Wamba, they urged for a resurgence of African indigenous democracy.
Similarly, Eboh (1990, 167) argues that the Western style of democracy is not an authentic expression of contemporary African political culture, which must address so many peculiar issues. Just as one hears of Greek philosophy, Western philosophy and African philosophy, one can also talk about Greek democracy, Western democracy and African democracy, among others. This suggests that like philosophy, democracy is culturally relative. In different circumstances, various types of societies improvised different social approaches to their respective contradictions. This gave rise to different conceptions of democracy, among which were specific forms of the state and civil society, direct or indirect people’s sovereignty, etc. As a consequence, Eboh notes that the solution to the problem of governance in Africa lies in tackling the African socio-economic and political realities, thereby giving democracy an African flair.
Different reasons have been adduced for why democracy seems not to be working in Africa. Offor attributed this to our refusal to accept that democracy varies from one society to another, and that by reason of this elasticity, democracy need not be practiced in strict adherence to those attributes that define it in its Western conception. For Offor, the problem with democratic practice in Africa therefore stems from a fundamental misconception that democracy as a form of government can be imported wholesale from one society to another, regardless of cultural differences. He advances the thesis that democracy is desirable and can be made to work in Africa only if the indigenous continent’s democratic heritage is explored, and those ideas that define good governance are brought to bear in evolving a kind of democracy best suited for resolving Africa’s peculiar problems. However, the fundamental problem with Offor’s conclusion is in his false assumption that democratic ideals are culturally specific. Democratic ideals such as liberty, equality and peoples’ sovereignty are universal, so that what differs are the democratic practices in different cultural and political societies. Kwasi Wiredu is of the view that Africa’s political salvation cannot come from the presently known model of majoritarian democracy, which African states are currently practicing. Majoritarian democracy involves a multi-party system of politics, in which the party that wins the most seats at the election forms the government. In such a political set-up, the losing party or parties become the opposition, singly or jointly. In this system, the minority representatives’ votes are overridden by the votes of the majority. The implication of this is that the right of the minority representatives and their constituencies to meaningfully participate in the actual making of decisions is rendered nugatory. In many contemporary African states, certain ethnic groups and political parties have found themselves perpetually in the minority, consistently staged outside the corridor of power. Not only this, their fundamental human rights of decisional representation are permanently denied with impunity. This violation of the right to be well represented, Wiredu argues, is one of the most persistent causes of political instability in Africa. Consequently, in an attempt to provide a way out of this serious deficiency of majoritarian democracy in Africa, Wiredu explores the resonance of a non-party and consensual democracy in forestalling many of the socio-political ills in Africa:
A non-party and consensual democratic system is one in which parties are not the basis of power. People can form political associations to propagate their political ideas and help to elect representatives to parliament. But an association having the most elected members will not therefore be the governing group. Every representative will be of the government in his personal, rather than associational capacity.
Fundamental to Wiredu’s argument is the need to consider the individual’s personal views, before all important decisions are made on the principle of consensus. This process of deliberation on issues rather than resorting to popular vote, is according to Wiredu, capable of promoting mutual tolerance, thereby contributing to demarginalization in a polity. Wiredu uses the example of the traditional Akan political system to illustrate the plausibility of this approach.


By Ademola Kazeem Fayemi: Department of Philosophy Lagos State University; Ojo, Nigeria, 05/08/2014




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Democracy, Good Governance, and Economic Development

Democracy, Good Governance, and Economic Development

The institutional deficit that characterizes so many developing and transitional countries-weak and arbitrary governance, weak protection of civil liberties and inadequate regulatory and legal framework to guarantee property rights; enforce contracts, and reduce the transaction costs-deprive these countries of needed productive investment and economic growth. Improving the quality of governance is essential for economic development. What types of policies and institutions have the most positive and measurable effects on improving governance? What kinds of institutional arrangements are associated with economic growth and poverty reduction? Research shows that democracy influences economic growth. Specifically, secure private property rights that give incentives to individuals to be productive, institutionalization of the rule of law, especially constraints against executives, and electoral mechanisms that give citizens the ability to evict the “rascals” are essential to promoting growth. Thus, an obvious corollary is that democratization and decentralization without simultaneous strengthening of property rights and the rule of law may not always lead to effective democratic governance.

Democratic Nation and State Building

Some two decades ago, Robert Jackson distinguished between de jure and de facto states.64 However, many de jure states are in effect quasi-states, as they exist simply because other nations recognize them as legal sovereign entities, despite the fact that they lack many of the attributes of a functioning government. Today, these quasi-states are often interchangeably called “weak,” “failed,” “failing,” “collapsing,” “fragile,” “rogue,” or “post-conflict states,” among other terms. Regardless of the label, these states pose formidable problems for democratic governance, economic development, and global stability, as they are unable to provide effective legitimate rule or to deliver essential public goods such as security, law and order, education, and other essential services.
The World Bank has identified about thirty low-income countries as being “under stress”-albeit, some have put the number of weak or fragile states at around fifty. In such settings of lawlessness, violence, and impunity, where the “state” lacks even the most basic attributes of sovereignty, the challenge is to literally transform the “state” into an effective and responsible sovereign. But, how can this be done? Countless cases of failed democratization show that democracy cannot flourish under conditions of anarchy. As Rotberg notes, among a “hierarchy of political goods,” nothing is “as critical as the supply of security, especially human security.” Similarly, Fukuyama argues for “stateness first”-pointing out that “at the core of state-building is the creation of a government that has monopoly of legitimate power and that is capable of enforcing rules throughout the state’s territory.”68 Therefore, establishing political order and security is absolutely essential. Once order is established, the key is not only to empower citizens and their independent organizations, but also to simultaneously strengthen the nascent institutions of governance and the rule of law, as well as the development of formal representative organizations such as political parties-which constitute an essential link between citizens and the formal policymaking bodies.69 In some settings, it may also mean the formal state structures’ building partnership with a diverse range of local nonstate intermediaries and rival sources of authority to provide core functions such as public security, law and order, and conflict management-albeit, such formulas should only serve as a transitional phase toward consolidation of the formal governing bodies.

It is also important to reiterate that democratic state building cannot be had on the cheap. Given weak and failing states’ inability to raise revenue on their own, state building will require external sources of funding and logistical assistance-sometimes for extended periods. This means that the international community, especially the rich nations, must be willing to stay the course. However, as Carothers and others have argued, this does not mean that grandiose and overly ambitious nation-building plans are the answer. Rather, the goals should be well-targeted and expectations kept realistic, and second, nation or state building is not a technical exercise. Rather, every society will build institutions that are unique to its own culture, history, traditions, and ethnic makeup. Therefore, adapting to local traditions is essential. Moreover, Fukuyama’s caution to democratic nation-builders, that there is a difference between “state” and “nation” building, is worth keeping in mind. If a state is the government, a nation is that and much more because it also includes shared memories, culture, values, language, and a common sense of identity. Clearly, nation building is much more ambitious and challenging than state building. As Fukuyama notes, it is relatively easy to create an army or a police force, but to convince people divided by region, religion, or ethnicity to live together in the same society and have common interests is much more difficult.Therefore, democratic state and nation building is a two-pronged process. At a minimum, it must include creating or strengthening core governmental institutions such as the security apparatus, judiciaries, economic agencies, and social-welfare systems, including education and health care.

 As Fukuyama argues, the first phase should involve stabilizing the country by establishing law and order, rebuilding basic infrastructure, and jump-starting the economy. The second phase must begin after stability has been achieved. This should include creating self-sustaining political and economic institutions that will ultimately permit democratic governance and economic growth to take place. Perhaps the best argument for such measured state building is that the alternatives are worse. It not only acts as a bulwark against grandiose and ultimately futile and costly experiments, such as in Iraq, but also it means that leaving fragile states to their own devices could renew civil wars and interstate conflict, making the long-term costs far heavier.
By Shalendra D. Sharma Taiwan Journal of Democracy, 16/08/2014


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16 August, 2014

HORN OF AFRICA: IRIN weekly humanitarian round-up 748 15 August 2014

IRINnews logo
humanitarian news and analysis
a service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs 


Food security alarm for east, central Africa

lead photo
NAIROBI, 13 August 2014 (IRIN) - Some 20 million people are facing acute food insecurity in eastern and central Africa, with most of them being at "crisis" and "emergency" levels, according to aid agencies. This figure compares unfavorably with 15.8 million people in July 2013.
Read report online

Analysis: Data to the people!

lead photo
NEW YORK, 14 August 2014 (IRIN) - Protests against poor delivery of services such as water, toilets, health and education, have become such a ubiquitous part of the South African landscape they barely make the news: as the delivery problems continue, so do the protests, and the vicious cycle of creeping poverty and mounting frustration continues.
Read report online

LGBTI rights - still not there yet

lead photo
BANGKOK, 14 August 2014 (IRIN) - In recent years, the world has seen enormous human rights gains with respect to sexual orientation and gender identity and expression. However, there have also been substantial setbacks - ranging from discriminatory legislation, to impunity for brutal violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people.
Read report online

Right to dignity - barriers to healthcare for transgenders

lead photo
BANGKOK, 14 August 2014 (IRIN) - Dorian Wilde, 26, an activist from Malaysia, was thrilled to be invited to the 2014 World Professional Association of Transgender Health (WPATH) symposium in Bangkok, but his journey to Thailand was fraught. His experience is not unique - to him, to Malaysia, or to air travel. Transgender people everywhere face extraordinary barriers when attempting to access services, including the most essential, such as healthcare.
Read report online

Lost in the chaos - LGBTI people in emergencies

lead photo
BANGKOK, 14 August 2014 (IRIN) - Unaddressed protection needs, rigid systems and research gaps imperil lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in humanitarian emergencies. While the experiences of sexual and gender minorities during disasters and conflicts are drawing increased attention from some responders, structural barriers remain and experts are urging a rethink of policies and protocols that could fuel exclusion and harm.
Read report online

CENTRAL AND EASTERN AFRICA: IRIN weekly humanitarian round-up 749 15 August 2014

IRINnews logo
humanitarian news and analysis
a service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs 


Food security alarm for east, central Africa

lead photo
NAIROBI, 13 August 2014 (IRIN) - Some 20 million people are facing acute food insecurity in eastern and central Africa, with most of them being at "crisis" and "emergency" levels, according to aid agencies. This figure compares unfavorably with 15.8 million people in July 2013.
Read report online

LGBTI rights - still not there yet

lead photo
BANGKOK, 14 August 2014 (IRIN) - In recent years, the world has seen enormous human rights gains with respect to sexual orientation and gender identity and expression. However, there have also been substantial setbacks - ranging from discriminatory legislation, to impunity for brutal violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people.
Read report online

Right to dignity - barriers to healthcare for transgenders

lead photo
BANGKOK, 14 August 2014 (IRIN) - Dorian Wilde, 26, an activist from Malaysia, was thrilled to be invited to the 2014 World Professional Association of Transgender Health (WPATH) symposium in Bangkok, but his journey to Thailand was fraught. His experience is not unique - to him, to Malaysia, or to air travel. Transgender people everywhere face extraordinary barriers when attempting to access services, including the most essential, such as healthcare.
Read report online

Lost in the chaos - LGBTI people in emergencies

lead photo
BANGKOK, 14 August 2014 (IRIN) - Unaddressed protection needs, rigid systems and research gaps imperil lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in humanitarian emergencies. While the experiences of sexual and gender minorities during disasters and conflicts are drawing increased attention from some responders, structural barriers remain and experts are urging a rethink of policies and protocols that could fuel exclusion and harm.
Read report online

Briefing: What next for Uganda's anti-gay law? 

lead photo
KAMPALA, 14 August 2014 (IRIN) - It led to increased repression, drew international condemnation and prompted foreign donors to suspend millions of dollars in aid. Then earlier this month the constitutional court threw it out. But is Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Act (AHA), promulgated by President Yoweri Museveni in February, truly dead and buried?
Read report online

10 August, 2014

War-Weyn:Xisbiyada Mucaaradka Iyo Madasha Wadatashiga Oo Isku-Raacay In La Dhiso Dawlad Ku Meelgaadh Ah Haddii Xukumada Siilanyo Ku Fashilanto Inay Doorashooyinka Barlamaanka Iyo Madaxtooyada Waqtigii Loo Qoondeeyay Ku Qabato


War-Weyn:Xisbiyada Mucaaradka Iyo Madasha Wadatashiga Oo Isku-Raacay In La Dhiso Dawlad Ku Meelgaadh Ah Haddii Xukumada Siilanyo Ku Fashilanto Inay Doorashooyinka Barlamaanka Iyo Madaxtooyada Waqtigii Loo Qoondeeyay Ku Qabato
War-weyn:Xisbiyada Mucaaradka iyo Madasha wadatashiga oo isku-raacay in la dhiso dawlad ku meelgaadh ah haddii xukumada Siilanyo ku fashilanto inay doorashooyinka Barlamaanka iyo madaxtooyada waqtigii loo qoondeeyay ku qabato



Hargeisa –(Qaran-news)-Xisbiyada Mucaaridka ee Waddani, Ucid iyo weliba Madasha wada-tashiga ayaa Si wada jir ah ugu baaqay in la dhiso Dawlad Wadaag ah haddii Xukumada Siilanyo doorashooyinka Barlamaanka iyo Madaxtooyada waqtiga loo qoondeeyay ku qaban weyddo.

Labada xisbi mucaarad iyo madasha ayaa tilmaamey siday ugu calool weydsan yihiin in xukumada Siilanyo doorasho ku qabato mudada 8 bilood ah ee u hadhay,ku darsoo waxay dusha u saareen wixii dibu-dhac iyo eed ka yimaada doorashada xukumada Siilanyo oo raadineysa muddo kordhin xaarana oo golaha guurtidu u samayso.

Yeelkeede waxay labada xisbi mucaarad iyo madasha oo ku qabtay shir jaraa’id Hotel Ambasador wadajira u soo saareen war-murtiyeed qodobaysan oo u dhignaa sidatan hoos ku qoran:-



In ay dalka ka jirto guud ahaan Nabadgelyo taam ah, taas oo muujinysa in aanay jirin Duruufaha ku xusan qodobka 83aad iyo 42aad, sidaasi darteedna ay waajib tahay in ay doorashooyinku Madaxweynaha iyo Golaha wakiilladu ku dhacaan muddadii sharcigu cayimay oo ku addan 26juun 2015.

In ay lagamaarmaan ay tahay in la qabto diiwaangalinta codbixiyaasha muddadii loo qorsheyey, siodii horeba ay uga wadda heshiiyeen, Saddexda Xisbi qaran, Xukuumadda iyo Guddida Doorahooyinku.

. si loo xaqiijiyo in ay dhacaan doorashooyin xor iyo Xalaal ah.



. si looga hor-tago in ay soo noqdaan Gol-daloolooyinka ka soo baxay Doorashadii Dawladaha Hoose ee 2012kii.

Ina ay lama huraan tahay in xulashada iyo ansixinta xubnaha guddiga doorashooyink aqaranka la dhamma ys-tiro bilaha Ogost iyo Sibtambar gudahooda, mar haaddii muddo xileedka guddidani ku eeg yahay 29 Octoober.

In ay lagama-maarmaan tahay in wax laga beddelo qaabka iyo shuruudaha xulashada iyo magacaabista xubnaha guddiga Doorashooyinka Qaranka:

. si loo hubiyo ama loo xaqiijiyo dhexdhexaadnimada Guddiga:



.Si loo abuuro duruufo Dimuqraaddi ah oo ay u siman yihiin Saddexda Xisbi Qaran ee doorashada ku tartamayaa.



Haddii ay dhacdo in ay doorashooyinku Xilligoodii ku qabsoomi waayaan:

. in ay Eedeeda yeelan doonto Xuumuddu, iyada oo ay waajibkeeda tahay in ay qabato doorashada xilligeeda.



.in ay Waajib noqondoonto in wixii ka dambeeya 26ka juun 2015ka la dhiso xukuumad ku meel gaadh ah, oo loo dhan yahay , waajibkeeda koowaadna yahay in ay dalka doorshooyin.


. in haddii marka la gaadho 31ka diisambar 2015ka, ay muuqato ama caddaato in aan dalka doorashooyinkii ka dhacayn xilligii loo qorsheeyey, waxa la bilaabi doona sidii looga hawl-geli lahaa abaabulka Xukuumadda ku-meel-gaadhka ah eek or ku xusan.



ALLA MAHAD LEH.



War-murtiyeedka waxa ku saxeexan



1. Guddoomiyaha Xisbiga Ucid Faysal Cali Waraabe



2. Musharax Jaggada Madaxtinimad aee Ucid Jamal Cali Xusseen



3. Cali Maxmamed Yuusuf (Cali Guray)



4. Gudomiyaha Xisbiga Waddani Cabdiraxman Maxamed Cabdilahi (Cirro).



5. Guddoomiye Ku-xigeenka Axmed Muumin Seed.



6. Ibraahin Jaamac Cali rayte



7. Guddoomiyaha Madasha Wadatashiga Xassan Guurre.



8. Maxamed Xaashi.



9. Ibraahin Cabdilaahi Xuseen (Dhagaweyne)
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Somaliland: AWOL Army Unit Reveal Habsade’s Secreted Khatumoism Tendency

Somaliland: AWOL Army Unit Reveal Habsade’s Secreted Khatumoism Tendency
Thursday, 07 August 2014 18:15

Dalool under heavy guard of his now i AWOL unitDalool under heavy guard of his now i AWOL unit
By: Yusuf M Hasan
Somalilandsun – Speculation is rife about the whereabouts of a missing army unit stationed in Sool region and motive behind its disappearance.
According to reporter Suleiman Sahal Jama of caynabonews three fully armed technical war wagons attached to the Somaliland army in Sool region and a number of yet to be verified troops under the command of one Dolaal Warsame Hirsi has been Away without Official Leave-AWOL for a number of days.
Stationed at the Karin Dabayl Weyn base the Dolaal commanded unit is said to have gone AWOL after it failed to return from a surveillance mission in the vicinity of SaahDheer where secessionist's politicians led by Ali Khalif Galaydare reportedly in clan council.
Reliable Somalilandsun within Sool region indicate that the Dolaal unit, a clan outfit seconded to the army owes allegiance to former Somaliland public works minister Ahmed Abdi Habsade currently a presidential advisor on political affairs in Hargeisa where he also doubles as a honorary (Non Voting) member of Guurti, the upper chamber of the Somaliland parliament.
Ahmed Habsade Ahmed Habsade"This unit is not missing but on the way to SaahDheer where they shall form the vanguard of Habsade's Khatumo secession leadership" informs Mohamed Waranle who also revealed that Dolaal is the maternal brother of Habsade thence unflattering allegiance.
For sometimes and more specifically since he was fired from the Somaliland council of ministers by president Ahmed Mahmud Silanyo last year, Habsade a prominent politician who has held senior offices in both Punt land and Somaliland has been touted to secession leadership in his native Sool region.
"Though he was very comfortable with the former UDUB party government of President Dahir Rayale whom he helped to secure Las Anod through eviction of then Punt land administration, Habsade though inheriting his ministerial mantle in the Silanyo administration has had his ultimate political leadership sights in the secession" said Waranle who is a paternal first cousin of Habsade.
While the Habsade connection to the missing unit is still speculation, the alleged intent of Dolaal to join forces with the secessionists in SaahDheer is impossible since the remnants of the Khatumoists who were evicted from Taleeh are currently besieged by the Somaliland army.
Meanwhile citizens are urging the government to utilize its intelligence gathering capabilities that have succeeded in countering infiltration thence putting terrorist at bay , towards unearthing cockroaches roaming freely in their midst proclaiming to be champions of the nation overtly while covertly they are Traitors of the highest order.
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